A) Charles Darwin states that in the beginning, all beings were created equal but due to the process of natural selection, some beings will be more prevalent than others. Because a species survival depends upon reproduction, those that are more appealing and accommodating will be reproduced more abundantly. These species have to generate from a beginning genus. The diagram on pages 170 and 171 are used to visually represent Charles Darwin’s idea of how an organism’s characteristics are determined. Each being has a beginning, lions for instance. There is one leader in each pack. That lion attracts female lions because he is the strongest, smartest and most respected. So he is more likely to reproduce because the female lion wants their offspring to inherit those characteristics the alpha male possesses. Or a bee might will pollenate a certain more accommodating flower therefore that particular flower may be prevalent. B) Thomas Huxley does not believe that humans evolved from apes. Huxley replies to the cries of “a mere better sort of ape,” by stating that though there is no physically proven connection between man and ape. “I have done my best to sweep away this vanity.” He’s saying that he’s tried his hardest to keep people from falling under this belief. C)
Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung agreed and disagreed on a few things. For instance, Jung agreed with Freud’s idea of the unconscious mind. They believed that dreams have meaning and can be interpreted. They agreed on 3 parts of personality which are the ego, superego and ID. Freud believed the ID was the conscious state of mind whereas Jung believed it was the ego.