Term Paper Assignment
Understanding Ideology-Driven Organizations and their Structure.
Submitted to Prof.George Kendathil & Prof. Pradhyumana Khokhle
In Partial fulfillment of the requirements of course
Organizational Behaviour-I (Macro)
Submitted on: September 20 , 2010 By
Understanding Ideology-Driven Organizations and their Structure - Abrarali Saiyed Abstract: Study of most organizations is based on the principles put forth by Max Webber and is applicable directly to public and private enterprises rather than the social sector organizations. Organizational structure is known to follow the strategy adopted by the organization which in turn is influenced by the ideology that the organization follows. This paper attempts to examine how the ideological structure of organizations and alternative structures of control affect different organizational interests and outputs. Two propositions are identified; the first is Organizational ideology, politics, strategy and structure have significant impacts on the NGO’s strategy formulation and implementation and the second is NGO context affects approaches to strategy formulation and implementation as well as organizational structure and relationships.
NGOs- Part of the Social Service Sector:
Management science attributed the study of organization to Max Weber, whose sociological agenda justified organizations as extensions of society, their organizational formats derived from religious beliefs, power and status-- organizations whose functionalism is rooted in the practical, functional disciplines that seek ways of controlling and making more efficient the organization‘s production of goods and services (Robbins 1990). Seeking the third way between government and private enterprise, the mandates of the third sector are providing services and representing the needs of civil society. Thus, the sociological and political roots of radical, social constructionist and humanist approaches to organizational theory have origins that are different from Weberian management science. Rather, the third sector is focused on the societal 2|Page
consequences of organizations and the dynamics of social movements, power and intellectual change (Eng 2005).
NGOs are private and non-profit organizations that are supposed to pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services, or undertake community development (World Bank, 1989). This, however, does not mean that all the NGOs need to pursue all of the above activities to qualify as an NGO. Sen (1987) has viewed NGOs as non-governmental and non-profit organizations and as a sector of society that has diverse entities operating under different paradigms.
The study of organizational structure is not new and the original precepts have not changed significantly. Bozeman and Straussman (1984, p. 71) state ―…the Old Testament records the deliberate design to organize a mass who had lost their organizational forms during a long servitude as slaves.‖ Obviously as society has grown and been influenced by advances in technology several variables have changed somewhat, but the basics ―…have gone largely unchallenged and served as a basis for the development of the culture of Western industrial society‖ (Bozeman and Straussman, 1984, p. 71) How the ideological structure of organizations and alternative structures of control affect different organizational interests and outputs is a topic that begs examination in depth according to organization scholars, Hinings and Greenwood (2002).
Ideology- The Concept Ideology is frequently used in the social sciences and it has been defined in a number of different ways. Normally, writers on the subject agree that ideology concerns values, ideals, beliefs and ways of looking at the world....