Identifying Key Problems Related to Business Ethics Within Wal-Mart and the American Red Cross

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Identifying Key Problems Related to Business Ethics
within Wal-Mart and the American Red Cross

Laura Johnson

PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics

Instructor: Debrian Hughes

January 21, 2013

Identifying Key Problems Related to Business Ethics
within Wal-Mart and the American Red Cross

(PART-1)
As an Ethnographic Researcher I am writing this Article about Wal-Mart, a For-Profit Organization and The American Red Cross, a Non-Profit Organization to identify any key problems that are related to business ethics and to explain the ethical dilemmas that are found within these two organizations. Included in this article will the company's profile and history, and my own personal reflections about these ethical actions that were taken in relation to the problem, and which moral and ethical theory I feel is best for each organizational issue.

Lets begin with the American Red Cross a not-for-profit Organization. The American Red Cross is a humanitarian agency that responds to natural disasters here at home and also abroad. They bring comfort and care by providing food and other essentials that are needed during a natural disasters. The American Red Cross also provides community educational programs and is funded by people who donate not only money, and items, but their time.

A brief history according to Barton, C. (1998), when Clarissa Harlowe Barton was born December 25, 1821 in North Oxford, Massachusetts she grew up and at the age of 17 became a teacher and at 23 she established her own school in North Oxford, Massachusetts. Then at the age of 30 she moved to Washington D.C. and worked as a clerk in the U.S. Patent Office. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Barton quit the Patent Office to work as a volunteer to distribute supplies to help the wounded soldiers.

After the war she went to Europe and became associated with the International Red Cross. Then in 1881, Barton incorporated the American Red Cross, with her being president which she served for 23 years. She then used her own house located in Glen Echo, Maryland as the headquarters and warehouse for the American Red Cross, where she coordinated relief efforts for victims of natural disasters and war from 1897 - 1904, Barton, C. (1898). All other branch offices are listed by each state. The tax exempt status is a 501c(3). The date it was granted this status was in, December 1938, (www.redcross.org) and to this day the American Red Cross has over 100 million volunteers and employees.

The ARC supports America's Military families, linking Military families during an emergency and connecting families with local community resources and provides resiliency training and supports wounded warriors and military hospitals. The American Red Cross has health and safety training and education also has the largest blood collection organization. The American Red Cross relies on the volunteers spirit and financial generosity of the American people to support America's military families.

I found three ethical problems that faced the American Red Cross, the first one being "Blood Operations Flawed", according to PRESS, A. (2000), stated by Dr. Jay S. Epstein, of the Food and Drug Administration, the blood operation is not in compliance with the current laws and regulation's and this is serious because of the potential harm to patients receiving the blood.

The action taken to fix this is a system needed to track blood units that should not be introduced into the system, and to implement a uniform standard operating procedure for example a phlebotomist is suppose to swab a patient's arm for 30 seconds then let it dry for 30 seconds but they don't, http://mswd.wordpress.com.

The second was, "The Handling of Donation Money", the people working for the Red Cross need to pay attention to what they are doing. For example, this lady went onto the Red Cross website to make a one hundred dollar donation was...
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