American Red Cross
University of Phoenix
Healthcare Delivery in the United States
American Red Cross
The American Red Cross is a non-profit organization. The American Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton in 1881—127 years ago. Clara Barton established the American Red Cross in Washington DC on May 21, 1881. She was the chief of this organization for twenty three years. The idea came to her after visiting Europe and witnessing how the interactions were with the Swiss-International Red Cross. Ms. Clara Barton wasn’t a nurse, but she was there to help wounded soldiers on the front line. The worse the battle became, more and more soldiers became wounded. With the tragedies of the war it resulted in a shortage of emergency and medical supplies which convinced Barton to think about an organization for emergency relief. Barton’s mission was to gather volunteers to help out with the organization locally and internationally to deliver help to disaster victims. In 1900 the first charter of the American Red Cross was granted by the U.S Congress, which made it responsible for providing services to Armed Forces and relief to disaster victims, within the United States and internationally. This allowed them the foundation to continue their efforts in disaster relief and mitigation and providing services and communication between the military and the families back home. Throughout the years the American Red Cross expanded its services. Prior to World War I (1914-1918), the American Red Cross was the fist to introduced programs that train individuals in first aid, water safety and pubic health nursing programs. At this time local American Red Cross chapters grew from one hundred seven in 1914 to 3,861 chapters in 918. Membership grew to high numbers surpassing the 20 million persons which included junior members reaching high numbers also. Contributions in funds and material totaled to $400 million. Red Cross staffed hospitals, ambulances, and recruited nurses to serve in the military. After the war, the American Red Cross helped refugees in Europe, recruited thousands of Nurses to improve the health and hygiene of rural Americans, and provided food and shelter to millions during the Great Depression. During World War II their services extended to programs in safety training, accident prevention, home care for the sick and nutrition education, and assisting the military by providing packages and supplies for United States Prisoners Of War and allies. In 1951 Truman established a Federal Blood Program for national defense and named the American Red Cross the official agency. In the following years the American Red Cross expanded into biomedical research. In the 1900’s it introduced a massive modernization of its operations to improve the safety of its blood products. Additional services provided such as CPR/AED training, civil defense, HIV/AIDS education, and provisional care and support to disaster victims and their survivors. It also helped the government form FEMA. The principles of the American Red Cross, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement are: • Humanity
• Voluntary Service
“The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavors, in its international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Its purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human beings. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst all people.” (American Red Cross, 2008). “It makes no discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It endeavors to relieve the suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to...
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