PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY: Id, Ego, Superego
Freud formulated a unique way of thinking about the mind, made up of three parts: Id, Ego, and Superego. These three structures describe the way we think and make decisions on a day-to-day basis. The id is the part of the mind that wants what it wants, and wants it now. It is demanding and childish, and operates via the pleasure principle. This simply means that it motivates you to do things that make you happy. This is the structure we were born with, according to Freud. Think about a baby—its thoughts aren’t that complex. It just wants things. Throughout our life there is always a part of our mind that demands we do whatever necessary to make ourselves happy. According to Freud the Superego structure develops later, when a child starts learning from its parents, teachers, and society what it should and shouldn’t do. The superego is our conscience, and tells us what is right and wrong. It operates via idealist principle and it wants us to do what is right and avoid what is wrong, and is just as demanding as the id in its own way. If you do something you know you shouldn’t do, it’s the superego that makes you feel guilty. The ego is the most conscious part of your mind, and it functions via the reality principle. This means that it has to figure out a way to compromise between the demands of the other two structures, to take what the id and superego want into account and chose a realistic course of action. A best example would be is my discernment to construct this critique paper for Theories of Personality due this Thursday. My Id keeps demanding to play games or watch movies especially this weekend, however my Superego says that I have a duty as a student to pass an assignment in Psychology. An individual who has a healthy Ego would give consideration to both demands. The best decision I could give is first to finish this paper and after I have done every homework I would go out to have fun, thus, satisfying both the Id and Superego. Freud’s Psychoanalytic theory is a complete theory of personality and explains behavior. Each concept in the theory emphasizes the role of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences to reflect the dynamics of a person’s behavior. Construction of defense mechanisms of ego and stimulated further research work in personality resulted in a serious interest in psychological treatment of mental disorders. Although the theory is good in structure, concepts seem to be poorly designed. Over-emphasis on sexual drive overlooked the role of the environment. Freud’s theory was plausible due to the early parameters given to work under the field of Psychology. Hence, little scientific proof was established. Many of his ideas have been discredited and are no longer used in therapy. But some of his ideas, such as defense mechanisms, are still considered important today. Either way, it is important to study Freudian psychoanalysis because it is the basis for many more modern theories and was the first major psychological field. NEO-ANALYTICAL THEORY: Collective Unconscious
Carl Jung downplayed the importance of sex, which he saw only as one of several important instincts. Jung, like Freud, was intrigued by unconscious processes. The “Psych” which he defined to be the total personality of a person, does not only contain personal unconscious repressed memories and impulses, but also a collective unconscious containing primitive images, or archetypes. it is the storehouse of latent memories of our human and prehuman ancestry. Archetypes are themes that have existed in all cultures throughout history. Examples of these archetypes are the all-powerful God, the young hero, the fertile and nurturing mother, the wise old man, the hostile brother- even fairy godmothers, wicked witches, and themes of rebirth or resurrection. Jung believed that these instincts and...