Implications of Human Trafficking
Trafficking in persons is shown at the beginning of the century as “modern slavery”, the way in which the human person becomes the object by default the international rights framework humans. According to Laczko & Gramegna (2003, p.179), “trafficking in persons, especially in in women and girls though not new, is acquiring serious dimensions worldwide, in the recent context of globalization.” Current development of the phenomenon, ‘trafficking in persons’ is considered as a result of globalization, many a result of increased flows and information individuals. While a certain level of progress may have been globalized considered for a wider range of people, there was also the globalization of certain social evils. Since the slave trade, through the trafficking of women for prostitution to trafficking for forced labour, trafficking we associate with globalization not only due to the increased movement of people, but also to an allocation strategy international resources to reduce production costs and higher profits. The numbers are alarming. This paper attempts to explore the elements being potentially involved in this unfortunate act.
The globalization is a phenomenon that majorly catalyses inequality internationally, has its heyday from the second half of the twentieth century, when states were faced with a new reality, in which the challenges imposed upon them fail to find solution in domestic law, obliges them to seek international cooperation and regulation for problems that become global. Among these, stands the development of transnational crime, such as the various types of international trafficking, such as trafficking in drugs, arms and human trafficking for various purposes.
Figure 1: (combathumantrafficking.wordpress.com)
The income estimated by the United Nations Office Drugs and Crime (UNODC) with the annual work of a trafficked person to the network criminal varies between 13 and 30 thousand dollars. For some time the trafficking figured in statistics as the third most profitable criminal activity second only to trafficking drugs and weapons (MacLean, 2013, p.8). But recently, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), based on a report by the International Labour Organization (ILO, 2005) considered that profit from trafficking in persons exceeded the trafficking of weapons and drugs because people can be sold several times (Gallagher, 2010, pp.3-100). Statistics cannot be used uncritically due to inability to express a medium or approach the harsh realities experienced by trafficked persons, besides being extremely difficult to carry out the collection of reliable data on which transnational nature and condition of invisibility and coercion of victims are impediments this collection. But these numbers are not entitled nor describe the situation accurately, have the role of giving a sense of the overall picture as well as raise awareness of the real need to deal with the issue of trafficking immediately. Given the urgency and transnational characteristic of human trafficking, there are many calls that show the presence of a concerted international action to address trafficking-in more efficiently. But for this to happen, it is necessary to define what is trafficking people and the best way to combat it. Identify causes and consequences and values that underpin the actions taken has not been a simple task for international community. This is because of an inherent complexity of the issue and because this encompasses two very different conceptions of what would be the traffic itself. These two groups NGOs, global influence, far from expressing the full positioning of civil society about human trafficking, the lines represent this general discussion of human trafficking.
Countries all over the world have border control and other law enforcement bodies in order to...