A Global Matter: Human Trafficking
Denisse Guerrero, Cami Venhaus, Kim Douglas, and Marissa Selaya
University of Phoenix
A Global Matter: Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is the act of transporting, enlisting, or harboring an individual by use of force or intimidation for the sole purpose of exploitation. Exploitation can be caused by prostitution, domestic servitude, sweatshop work, and construction. This is considered a crime against humanity and effects thousands of men, women, and children in every country around the world. Human trafficking has been in existence for many years; however, the intricacy of the topic has evolved due to social and economical conditions or globalization such as increase poverty. Also, advancements in technology have contributed to the increase of human trafficking by allowing fast, easy availability, and unidentifiable information available to offenders (Salett, 2009). The purpose of this paper is to explore the history, social impact, major targets, demographics, current issues, and intervention strategies of human trafficking. History of Human Trafficking
Human trafficking runs back in time in the United States History. By far the most notorious story of human trafficking in the United States was that of the African people being brought to the Americas to work as slaves. The conditions were horrific and the legacy of those actions is still felt today, with over 20 million people forcibly transported over the Atlantic Ocean. At least 20% of the people died on the way, a staggering statistic when considering that it is probably a low percentage compared to the reality. That does not take into account the internal displacement that happened during the time period, when practically the entire continent was caught up in the slave trade (Pearson, 2009). The United States did not begin the consideration the topic of human trafficking until 1994, when it began being covered in the Department’s Annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Majority of laws have been passed against it in the United States, and the United States has become active in advocating against it internationally as well. However, what is important to note is the fact that even in the United States, with all of its laws and all of the government action, this is still something that happens. Approximately 14,500 and 17,500 people are kidnapped and brought to the United States every year. Housemaids, sex workers, farm laborers or factory workers are brought in to the country – perhaps with their permission – but then held here against their will and not paid for their work, making them victims of human trafficking. These are groups of people that are already marginalized from the greater American society, due to cultural or language barriers and a growing nationalistic public that rejects the modern immigrant in favor of the “home-grown” American. When an entire group of people, migrant workers or other kinds of “untouchables”, is ignored by society at large it is relatively easy for the people who make up that class to be abused and have no justice on their behalf. Approximately 800,000 men, women and children are kidnapped and transported every year. Keeping in mind that the number is probably lower than reality, it is a staggering amount of people this problem affects today in the world. In reality, there’s no firm number when it comes to human trafficking (Pearson, 2009). Impacts on Society
To describe the impact that human trafficking has on society as a whole it must first be broken down into the many ways that it affects its victims as individuals. The way a single individual is affected by becoming a victim of human trafficking cannot be summarized in one word, no, it takes many to be able to describe what they go through. Words such as mental anguish, anxiety, extreme fear, physical pain, exploitation, physical and...