Human rights are concerned with equality and fairness. They recognise our freedom to make choices about our life and develop our potential as human beings. They are about living a life free from fear, harassment or discrimination. There are a number of basic rights that people from around the world have agreed on, such as the right to life, freedom from torture and other cruel and inhuman treatment, rights to a fair trial, free speech and freedom of religion, rights to health, education and an adequate standard of living.
These human rights are the same for all people everywhere – male and female, young and old, rich and poor, regardless of our background, where we live, what we think or what we believe. This is what makes human rights ‘universal'.
Civil and political rights attempt to protect the individual from the misuse of political power and recognise a person's right to participate in their country's political process. They include freedom from slavery, torture and arbitrary arrest; freedom of thought, opinion and religion; the right to a fair trial and equality before the law.
Under the Constitution, Romania is a democratic and social state ruled by law. In the spirit of the Romanian people’s democratic traditions and of the December 1989 Revolution, Romania cherishes and guarantees, as supreme values, human dignity, civil rights and freedoms, the free development of...