Human Rights

Topics: Human rights, India, Universal Declaration of Human Rights Pages: 8 (2602 words) Published: December 17, 2012
Human rights in India
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Human rights in India is an issue complicated by the country's large size, its tremendous diversity, its status as a developing country and asovereign, secular, democratic republic. The Constitution of India provides for Fundamental rights, which include freedom of religion. Clauses also provide for Freedom of Speech, as well as separation of executive and judiciary and freedom of movement within the country and abroad. According to the United States Library of Congress, although human rights problems do exist in India, the country is generally not regarded as a human rights concern, unlike other countries in South Asia.[1] Based on these considerations, the 2010 report of Freedom in the World by Freedom House gave India a political rights rating of 2, and a civil liberties rating of 3, earning it the highest possible rating of free[2] In its report on human rights in India during 2010, Human Rights Watch stated India had "significant human rights problems".[3] They identified lack of accountability for security forces and impunity for abusive policing including "police brutality, extrajudicial killings, and torture" as major problems. An independent United Nations expert in 2011 expressed concern that she found human rights workers and their families who "have been killed, tortured, ill-treated, disappeared, threatened, arbitrarily arrested and detained, falsely charged and under surveillance because of their legitimate work in upholding human rights and fundamental freedoms.[4] Contents  [hide]  * 1 Chronology of events regarding human rights in India * 2 Use of torture by police * 3 Indian administered Kashmir * 4 Freedom of expression * 5 LGBT rights * 6 Human trafficking * 7 Religious violence * 8 Caste related issues * 9 Other violence * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Chronology of events regarding human rights in India
* 1829 – The practice of sati was formally abolished by Governor General William Bentick after years of campaigning by Hindu reform movements such as the Brahmo Samaj ofRam Mohan Roy against this orthodox Hindu funeral custom of self-immolation of widows after the death of their husbands. * 1929 – Child Marriage Restraint Act, prohibiting marriage of minors under 14 years of age is passed. * 1947 – India achieves political independence from the British Raj. * 1950 – The Constitution of India establishes a sovereign democratic republic with universal adult franchise. Part 3 of the Constitution contains a Bill of Fundamental Rightsenforceable by the Supreme Court and the High Courts. It also provides for reservations for previously disadvantaged sections in education, employment and political representation. * 1952 – Criminal Tribes Acts repealed by government, former "criminal tribes" categorized as "denotified" and Habitual Offenders Act (1952) enacted. * 1955 – Reform of family law concerning Hindus gives more rights to Hindu women. * 1958 -Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958-[5]

* 1973 – Supreme Court of India rules in Kesavananda Bharati case that the basic structure of the Constitution (including many fundamental rights) is unalterable by a constitutional amendment. * 1975–77 – State of Emergency in India – extensive rights violations take place. * 1978 – SC rules in Menaka Gandhi v. Union of India that the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution cannot be suspended even in an emergency. * 1978-Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act, 1978 [6][7]

* 1984 – Operation Blue Star and the...
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