Question 1 Outline.
The issue is Torture. Torture is a serious violation of human rights and is strictly prohibited by international law covered in article 5 of no torture in 1948 “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” The reason for this is because torture strikes at the very heart of civil and political freedoms. Torture was one of the first issues dealt with by the United Nations (UN). The United Nations Efforts to Secure Freedom from torture is a dedicated convention against torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and was completed in 1984 and in force in 1987. Definitions of torture can generally be seen as, causing severe pain or suffering to obtain information or a confession from a person. Used to punish for an act person had committed or suspected of committing. To intimidate or coerce the person to do something, done at the instigation or approval of a public official. Torture continues to be practiced around the world despite it being strictly outlawed. 2001 report by Amnesty International highlighted conveys that torture is used by 140 states between 1997 and 2001, and they found that every year thousands of offenders enact torture in the form of beating, rape and electrocution upon people for the various reasons. This evidence was gathered from Parnes, “Torture, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment.” Such countries as India use torture for investigating crimes, extracting confessions and punishing individuals. It is done by the law enforcement agencies. Torture is inflicted not only upon the accused, but also on legitimate activists, complainants or informants. This all amounts to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, among the people of India. Torture is also inflicted on the women and girls in the form of custodial rape, molestation and other forms of sexual harassment. US authorities hold 270 prisoners in Guantánamo Bay and Cuba, without charge or trial. They are subjecting them to the form of torture that simulates drowning “water boarding” This was authorized by the US parliament to the CIA to enact. Also the aftermath of the Abu Ghraib, Iraq, prison crimes of 2004 showed the injustice of prisoners held in the Abu Ghraib prison, they were subjected to physical and psychological abuse, in the forms of torture and sexual abuse. The evidence and statistics came from “Human Rights Violation.” It can be found in Jerusalem by trained physicians for the government to gain answers out of captured criminals. Also in Darfur, Authorities do nothing to stop over 200 rapes per 5 week periods and in the Democratic Republic of the Congo the act of torture, ill treatment of those in custody which also includes sustained beatings, stabbings and rapes is committed by the government security services. These are just some of the extent around the globe that portrays the serious use of torture and how domestically it is ineffective due to most cases the countries government is the main perpetrator.
Question 2 legal Response To Torture
International Response UN and (CAT)
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights article 5 by the U.N. States that, “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” Though it is an international law it is not enforceable because it has no power over other countries, and due to state sovereignty. The only way it could be enforceable is if it was ratified into domestic law by the state. Usually through treaties. Still the state may or may not enforce it by integrating it into the domestic law, making it ineffective at enforcing. It does however bring awareness to the situation of torture with the U.N being a major part of international law. It does however bring much awareness to the situation of torture. Through each new treaty it makes bringing awareness to the state people. The UN has assigned a task force to deal with future and past cases of torture. This...
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