Human Resources Health and Safety Measures

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 632
  • Published : March 6, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
HEALTH AND SAFETY MEASURES
ASSIGNMENT

Index
1. GENERAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MEASURES:
1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2 DEFINITION
1.3 NEED FOR SAFETY MEASURES
1.4 PROCEDURES
1.5 HEALTH AND SAFETY MEASURES DEFINED BY THE WORK ACT 1974
1.6 WORKPLACE (HEALTH,SAFETY AND WELFARE) REGULATIONS 1992
2. LARSEN AND TOUBRO COMPANY :
2.1 HISTORY
2.2 THE JOURNEY
2.3 EXPANDING HORIZONS
2.4 OVERVIEW
2.5 ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MEASURES OF L&T
2.5.1 EHS MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
2.6 PRECAUTIONS
2.7 SAFETY
2.7.1 SAFETY TRAINING
2.7.2 PROJECT-SITE PRACTICES
2.7.3 SOME SAFETY AWARDS

GENERAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MEASURES

>> Introduction:
Increasing number of accidents involving workers has drawn our attention towards safety measures in the factories. Accidents not only affect workers loosing their livelihood but also employers in terms of compensation to be paid to the workers. Accidents are a significant cause of dispute between workers and management. With the coming in of new set up of industries e.g., steel production, engineering,fertilizers, chemicals and petro-chemicals, oil refining etc., and increasing use of machine power, industrial complexities in terms of process of production have increased. This has given rise to hazards and risks. Safety measures are to be adopted against such risks and hazards. The Factories Act, 1948 has laid down certain measures for the safety of workers employed in the factories. >> Definition:

Occupational health and safety is a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. The goal of all occupational health and safety programs is to foster a safe work environment.[1] As a secondary effect, it may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, suppliers, nearby communities, and other members of the public who are impacted by the workplace environment. It may involve interactions among many subject areas, including occupational medicine, occupational (or industrial) hygiene, public health, safety engineering, chemistry, health physics. >>Need for safety measures:

Safety measures result in improving the conditions under which workers are employed and work. It improves not only their physical efficiency, but also provides protection to their life and limb. Inadequate provision of safety measures in factories may lead to increase in the number of accidents. Human failure due to carelessness, ignorance, inadequate skill, and improper supervision have also contributed to accidents, and the consequent need for safety measures. Other factors giving rise to the need for safety measures are: — rapid industrialization with its complexities in manufacturing process and layout;

— expansion or modifications in existing factories;
— setting up of new industries involving hazards not known earlier; — lack of safety consciousness on the part of both workers and management;
— inadequate realisation of the financial implications of accidents. >>PROCEDURES:
1. Unsafe Situations:
> All employees are directed to report to the most readily accessible supervisor any unsafe condition, practice, or circumstance associated with or resulting from site activities. > In case of immediate hazard to employees or the public, any employee on the scene should take all practical steps to eliminate or neutralize the hazard. This may include leaving the site. Follow-up consultation with the Project Manager or Supervisor must then be made at the first opportunity. In such circumstances the Project Manager or Supervisor must take,or cause to be taken, the necessary steps to ensure that the project can be completed safely. Such steps may include changes in procedure, removal or neutralization of a hazard, or consultation with appropriate experts. In cases where the hazard is not immediate, the employee should consult the supervisor or management regarding appropriate corrective measures. Application of...
tracking img