September 5, 2011
Human Resource Management Roles
Human resources, or people that work within an organization (Gomez-Mejia, Balkin, & Cardy, Chapter 1, 2010), are the foundation upon which businesses are built. Human Resource Management (HRM) is a vital role within any organization. HRM is the organizational task that deals with matters related to people such as recompense, employing, organizational development, employee motivation, employee training, communication, benefits, performance management, wellness, and safety. The challenges faced by HRM are several, such as: environmental challenges, organizational challenges, and individual challenges (Gomez-Mejia, Balkin, & Cardy, Chapter 1, 2010).
According to Gomez-Mejia, Balkin, & Cardy, (2010), describes environmental challenges as “forces external to firm that affect the firms performance but are beyond the control of management” (Chapter 1). Gomez-Mejia, Balkin, and Cardy (2010), state that environmental challenges include, rapid change, rise of internet, workforce diversity, globalization, legislation, evolving work and family roles, skill shortages and the rise of the service sector and natural disasters” (Chapter 1, figure 1.1). All of these things make it essential that HRM’s are constantly vigilant to ensure that they take every opportunity presented and safeguard against any impendence against their organization. Organizational Challenges
Organizational challenges are often a consequence of environmental challenges. They are complications that arise internally within an organization. These often include; “competitive position, cost, quality, distinctive capabilities, decentralization, downsizing, organizational restructuring, self-managed teams, small businesses, organizational culture, technology, and outsourcing” (Gomez-Mejia, Balkin, and Cardy, 2010, Chapter 1, figure 1.1). HRM’s need to...