Understanding How Human Memory Works
Unit 4 Individual Project
Aspects of Psychology
Professor Van Cleave
May 6, 2012
The functions of a human brain consist of memory in the way things are thought of and learned and in the process. In the paper I will Identify and describe as well as give examples of how the human brain memory works. Also in this paper I will explain other kinds of forgetting and discuss the strategies that can improve memory consolidation and retrieval. The human memory consists of three processes: encoding, storage, retrieval. The encoding is the first process in the human memory and it is where information is transformed to be stored into a memory. The storage is the second process in the human memory and it is where physiological change has to take place in order for the memory to be stored. And the last process in the human memory is the retrieval process which is where you can retrieve memories that you stored originally during the encoding process so that the information stored can return to the same point it was in the beginning. In 1968, Richard Atkins and Richard Schifrin developed the Stage Model of Memory; which describes the basic structure and function of memory (Introduction to Psychology, p. 123). This model is made of three memory systems: Sensory Memory, Short-Term Memory, and Long-Term Memory. The Sensory Memory is the beginning stage of the memory process. It uses the five memory sense touch, smell, taste, sound, and sight. These sense organs have a limited ability to store information in a fairly unprocessed way for less than a second. An example of the sensory memory is when a person sees an image of an object before it disappears. When the image is gone, it is still kept in the memory for a short time period and then passed on to the next stage, the short-term memory. Short-Term Memory, also known as the active memory, is “a temporary form of memory that interacts with long-term...
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