There are several memory models that we can safely say that we use as a day to day basis. There is Long-term memory as well as short term memory and processes that are called sensory processes. These types of memory have each their own processes or particular modes of operation. These memory processes have three necessary steps to forming a lasting memory.
There are three necessary steps in the formation of memory. These steps we will discuss in the following paragraphs in order to achieve a greater understanding of the processes involved. The most common memory model is the sensory to short term to long term memory. We will discuss the processes of memory starting with the Sensory Memory. Secondly what is short term memory? Finally long term memory and its effects.
The models of memory come as a unitary process that is known as the Modal or Multi-Store or Atkinson-Shiffrin model after Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin developed it in 1968 and remains the most popular model for studying memory. Sensory memory is the smallest and shortest element of memory. An example of Sensory memory is the ability to recall an artifact or sense of smell and remember this within just a second of observation is a prime example of Sensory Memory. Sensory Memory acts like a buffer somewhat to a modem or router for stimuli received thru our human five senses. Our five senses are Sight, hearing, Smell, Taste, and Touch. These senses are retained accurately but at the same time very briefly. Some of these stimuli can be ignored or perceived. Ignored, the brain would deliberately make it disappear instantaneously. Perceived it would be stored and retained in our sensory memory. We all have to remember that our brain will store only useful information that can be used at a later date. Sensory memory is actually an ultra-short memory that it sometimes is considered a process of perception due to that typically degrades in the 200-500 miliseconds after a...
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