Authors’ desire to convey the meanings of their texts are influenced by the era in which they live. However, the themes about human nature will remain timeless and universal as they examine and critically inquire into the follies of greed, ambition and moral corruption. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein illustrates the innate and insatiable appetite for knowledge and the according descent to blindness and self-loathing. In a similar fashion, Ridley Scott’s Blade Runner touches on Shelley’s notions of the danger of human enterprise and the uncontrollable impetus of scientific evolution. The two texts, despite having a century in between, similarly exemplify the consequences of playing God, and entice the audience to evaluate what it truly means to be a human being. Both texts vividly demonstrate that the essence of humanity lies not in the desire to achieve a sense of well-being but in the persistent willingness to allow the darker side of human nature to take a hold of one self.
Both Frankenstein and Blade Runner portray how the ambition to redefine human limitations is bound to result in failure, and accordingly spawn monstrosity. Frankenstein’s Creature is the very embodiment of the monstrosity that humans are capable of creating. The symbolism of light in, “until from the midst of this darkness a sudden light broke in upon me” conveys Victor’s instinctive awakening to the possibility of creating a perfect being impervious to diseases. Such a taboo act of trespassing the domain of the divine providence signifies the beginning of Frankenstein’s blindness. He is quick to realise that he has created a monster, as shown by the regretful tone in, “I beheld the wretch – the miserable monster whom I had created”. This depicts that untamed human ambition can lead to the inadvertent creation of the ‘grotesque’. Similarly in Blade Runner, the human ambition to create a better society has apparently ended in utter failure. If Frankenstein is a forewarning of the dangers of...
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