How Does Guy de Maupassant Capture the Reader's Sympathy in the Text

Topics: Guy de Maupassant, Short story, Gustave Flaubert Pages: 3 (1174 words) Published: December 18, 2012
How does Guy de Maupassant capture the reader’s sympathy in the text? The Necklace is a short story written in 1884 by a French author Guy de Maupassant. The story compares the class statuses of the rich and poor. Sympathy is created through the text, since the main character – Madame Matilde Loisel dreams of becoming a woman who is a part of the higher classed world. She lives in envy, jealousy, and depression. The author uses hyperbole, metaphor and repetition to show how much she wants to be wealthy and glamorous like the people who lives in the higher classed world. The writer also uses sematic field to emphasize her feelings, and leave the reader with a greater understanding of what the writer is trying to express. The moral in the story is to cherish and appreciate what you have, and don’t be so selfish. Also, don’t lie because things may turn out to be a lot worse. The extract is written in third person so that the reader can visualize the story from the narrator’s point of view. It would create sympathy because it is how other people view her as a character, and it is also how we view her - a woman that only dreams about the rich world day and night. The writer does this so that he would give a broader view of the story. The author also chose to write in third person because it would not be bias to the characters. The main device used to create sympathy - irony appears towards the end of the story where Mathilde found out that the necklace was not made out of real diamonds, and was worth a lot less than she had expected. This would allow the reader to feel pity for her because she worked ten years of labor just to pay off all the depts. They owed money from their friends, and the bank, so that they had enough money to purchase a necklace that looked identical to the one Mathilde lost. However, it is ironic because all she wanted was to be the prettiest and most elegant woman. She got what she wanted, but she lost the necklace and had to work for a long...
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