How Do You Explain the Relatively Low Number of Women in Parliaments?What Measures Might Be Taken to Improve the Level Women’s Presence in Legislatures?

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On the women all love to talk about, but their rights and customs of life compared with the male population - a few. Thus, the phrase "a woman in politics" causes many negative reactions. After all, in public opinion firmly entrenched idea that women's place in the family. But those who think so, not much is no getting away from the fact that the growing role of women in contemporary society. Throughout the world, constantly increasing their participation in economic, political, cultural and social spheres of life. The first of the Russian political figures, who intuitively began to introduce women's equality, to involve women in social life was Peter I, who told women to leave the towers and come to the court actions. But only in the second half of the 20 th a new phenomenon in world politics - a breakthrough of women in senior political sphere of the world community. In a number of European, Asian and Latin American countries, they have taken power into their hands. The process of joining women in politics strongly shook the traditional stereotype: politics - men's work, and family and children - are female. But before the end of this stereotype is not broken. In general, the number of women in high political positions in many countries continues to remain low and does not reflect their proportion in the population and labor force. Politics is becoming an increasingly common profession, many people involved in its terms. It is natural that women choose for themselves a political career, possessing the required education, knowledge and desire to demonstrate its capabilities in the most complicated political sphere of society. There are many causes of existing preferences in politics men over women, but the basic is-established image of a politician who must possess qualities such as leadership, independence, integrity, depth of thought - all this is a purely masculine qualities. But who besides women will decide their "female" issues. Women are more focused on solving problems in the social sphere, show more sensitivity, tact and understanding. All of today's developed countries are moving to new, modern state functions in connection with the growth of the population of the quality of life and society's transition to a new stage in its development - information society based on "knowledge economy". The modern type of society produces significantly higher demands on the reproduction and development of human capital, which in turn redistributes the usual functions of the state with the traditional, mostly repressive and ordered, in the direction of current. What did relate these modern functions? First of all, to government policy in areas such as education, health, social security, fundamental science. Gradual "reformatting" problems of the modern state, not least set up a more rigorous inquiry to restore the gender balance in the leadership of the state and create a more rational mechanism of governance at all levels. That is why the promotion of women in power is now being considered as a tool for sustainable, humane and sustainable society, because real equality between men and women change the priorities of state policy, the life of the country as a whole. Statistics show that states have in their parliaments and governments of less than 25-30% of women, poor cope with the problems of maternal and child health, child rights, social protection. This indicates that the observance and enforcement of human rights in accordance with basic democratic requirements not satisfied in full. It is therefore not surprising that the struggle for genuine democracy involves a very important component - the full equality of women up to parity with men in government, parliament and all state institutions to ensure social justice and social stability. I want to ask, what's wrong? The reasons are many: it is the weakness of civil society institutions, and low political participation of women themselves, the low level of development of...
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