I. Name of the Project: GEE’S FARM PIGGERY
II. Location: Silang, Cavite
III. Descriptive Definition of the Project:
Hog raising in the Philippines has been a profitable business for Filipinos through the decades. Its popularity is evidently seen among backyards of rural families. An average Filipino family usually raises a small number of pigs to augment their daily needs. While both parents are busy with their work, children may help in raising a few piglets until they reach their marketable age. No wonder, more hogs are produced in backyards compared to commercial piggeries.
Despite the challenges facing the swine industry (e.g. diet relying heavily on expensive concentrates; susceptibility to numerous diseases and parasites), still many people are venturing into this enterprise. This material hopes to bring appropriate information to interested producers / raisers so that they may realize profitable production and improve the quality of their lives. Acquiring Starter Pigs for a Grow-out Production System
A grow-out production system is a system that involves buying young pigs (usually around 12-20 kg each) and feeding them to market weight.
The key to success in a grow-out operation is to acquire starter pigs at those times when opportunity for profit is favorable. Over a hog cycle, profit prospects are best when farm gate prices are rising. Based on historical performance, profit will be higher from November to February. Therefore, starter pigs raised starting August up to November will likely fetch higher farm gate prices and better profits per head sold. As important as when to buy is the matter of WHERE and HOW. It is best to establish a good relationship with a reputable supplier of starter pigs. During scarce supply period, a reliable supplier should be able to give you a steady supply of starter pigs at reasonable prices.
Rate of capital turn-over is relatively fast compared to farrow-finish operations. The period from start-upto first pay check is approximately 1 year with sow herds but only 3 1/2 to 4 months with grow-out operations.
Specialized labor and demanding management needed by breeding herds and newborn pigs are avoided. The cost for halting operation is relatively smaller with grow-out operations. The loss associated with shutting down is the cost of idle buildings and equipment. This contrasts with a sow-litter operation, which faces serious problems in replacing breeding stocks and a long start-up period.
There are significant expenses involved which will include a transport fee and in some cases, commissions from sales agents who help in sourcing starter pigs when supply is scarce. There is some production “penalty” for purchased starter pigs. When young pigs are amassed from various sources, co-mingled and sorted before shipment to their final home, gender uniformity will be lacking and the threat of disease increases. The price of starter pigs is highly variable and highly influenced by current market prices. Therefore, profits from feeding purchased pigs are likely to be quite favorable in a period of rising farm gate prices. Losses may likewise be multiplied in a period of falling prices.
Breed of Swine[pic]
[pic][pic]There are many imported breeds in the country today and its sometimes difficult to determine the best breed most suited to our conditions. Here is a guide to help you select the breed to raise depending on your purpose, money and experience.
Yorkshires or Largewhite – are entirely white with medium, erect ears. Sows have superior mothering ability, farrow and wean large litters and are excellent milkers. They adapt well to confinement but not to rugged conditions. Slaughter animals yield a high dressing percentage, produce fine quality meat and compare favorably with other breeds in growth and economy of gains.
Landrace – are white, have short legs and medium to large drooping ears. The sows are noted...