History Sba

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Acknowledgements

The successful completion of this study would not have been possible without the assistance and cooperation of a number of persons. To our mighty creator I give thanks for strength, courage and divine guidance throughout the preparation stages of this project.

I express profound thanks to my neighbour and friend Joya who toiled with me during the long hours of research in the preparatory stage of this project. Your guidance and assistance in putting the information together was of tremendous help.

To my mom who has been a great source of support and assistance and who toiled for many late hours to assist me in putting the information together, I give thanks.

To my teacher Mrs. Richardson for her guidance and support throughout this project I express sincere thanks.

Rationale

African slavery existed for centuries within West Africa before it became prominent in the European colonies. The treatment of African slaves in European colonies was inhumane as they bore hardship from capture to death. This was generally accepted in European societies as the slaves were chattel good labourers, and ensured that the Europeans would make a profit on the plantations. However, there were some persons and organizations that were willing to fight valiantly to end the slave trade but there were those who wanted it to continue. This caused a fight to determine if slavery would end or remain.

Objective

• To establish the possible motive for the slave trade and the enslavement of Africans. • To identify and interpret the views of Europeans at home and in their colonies in relation to the slave trade and African slavery. • To identify the role of abolitionists and how they helped to end the slave trade and slavery.

Methodology

The topic “What were some of the humanitarian attempts in the fight for the slave trade during the period 1700- 1807?” was chosen by the writer to sensitize others on the reasons for the slave trade and the work of the abolitionists in their campaign to end slavery. The relevant information would be researched in history books and on the internet. The results of the investigation will be communicated by essay format with pictorial references where possible.

Background Information

The enslavement of Africans was very common in the British West Indies during the 1700’s up to 1807. When sugar became the main crop, there was an influx of slaves into the British Caribbean. They were transported to the Caribbean by sea in what was known as ‘The Triangular Trade’.

European traders journeyed from Europe to West Africa with manufactured goods. These goods were traded for slaves who were captured mostly through raids after which they were divided into two groups the mackrons (maimed, unhealthy and old) and the healthy. After this was done, the healthy slaves were stored in barracoons before being packed closely on ships. Over packing ensured a profit even though many slaves died. The first picture of slaves on a ship is a true reflection of how they were packed. It relates the extreme hardship they bore and the helpless state they were in.

[pic]

Fig: 1

Diagrammatic representation of how the slave ships were packed prior to their journey to the West Indies. Conditions were crowded and unsanitary.

The journey from Africa to the West Indies known as ‘The Middle Passage’ took six to eight weeks but depending on the weather could last up to ten weeks. Many slaves lost their lives due to unsanitary conditions, improper feeding methods and cruelty. Only the fittest survived the journey. Many of them attempted suicide during this time. [pic]

Fig: 2

Picture showing crowded condition on a slave ship.

Upon arrival in the West Indies,...
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