Statistics in Our Life

NAME : ANTHONIUS ANAK GRENSON

SUBJECT TEACHER : SIR SAHARUDDIN

I/C NUMBER : 930113-13-5157

SCHOOL : SEKOLAH MENENGAH SAINS SABAH

Contents

No| Contents| Page|

1| Acknowledgement| |

2| Introduction| |

3| Part 1| |

4| Part 2| |

5| Part 3| |

6| Conclusion| |

7| Further Exploration| |

8| References| |

Acknowledgement

I would like to thank my Additional Mathematics’ teacher, Sir Ssaharuddin as he gives us important guidance and commitment during this project work. I also would like to thank to all my friends for helping me and always supporting me to complete this project work. For their strong support. I would like to express my gratitude to my beloved parents.

Introduction

This project is carried out by every student who taking Additional Mathematic in their SPM examination. This project carries such aims:- * Apply and adapt a variety of problem solving strategies to solve routine and non-routine problems; * Experience classroom environments which are challenging, interesting and meaningful and hence improve their thinking skills. * Experience classroom environments where knowledge and skills are applied in meaningful ways in solving real-life problems * Experience classroom environments where expressing ones mathematical thinking, reasoning and communication are highly encouraged and expected * Experience classroom environments that stimulates and enhances effective learning. * Acquire effective mathematical communication through oral and writing, and to use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas correctly and precisely * Enhance acquisition of mathematical knowledge and skills through problem-solving in ways that increase interest and confidence

* Prepare ourselves for the demand of our future undertakings and in workplace * Realise that mathematics is an important and powerful tool in solving real-life problems and hence develop positive attitude towards mathematics. * Train ourselves not only to be independent learners but also to collaborate, to cooperate, and to share knowledge in an engaging and healthy environment * Use technology especially the ICT appropriately and effectively * Train ourselves to appreciate the intrinsic values of mathematics and to become more creative and innovative * Realize the importance and the beauty of mathematics

We are expected to submit the project work within three weeks from the first day the task is being administered to us. Failure to submit the written report will result in us not receiving certificate.

History of Statistic

By the 18th century, the term "statistics" designated the systematic collection of demographic and economic data by states. In the early 19th century, the meaning of "statistics" broadened, then including the discipline concerned with the collection, summary, and analysis of data. Today statistics is widely employed in government, business, and all the sciences. Electronic computers have expedited statistical computation, and have allowed statisticians to develop "computer-intensive" methods. The term "mathematical statistics" designates the mathematical theories of probability and statistical inference, which are used in statistical practice. The relation between statistics and probability theory developed rather late, however. In the 19th century, statistics increasingly used probability theory, whose initial results were found in the17th and 18th centuries, particularly in the analysis of games of chance (gambling). By 1800, astronomy used probability models and statistical theories, particularly the method of least squares, which was invented by Legendre and Gauss. Early probability theory and statistics was systematized and extended by Laplace; following...