History of Psychology Paper
University of Phoenix
History of Psychology2
The Development of Psychology
The foundations of psychology go back in history to ancient philosophers. These philosophers had a combination of interests with the human mind, body, and knowledge. Each philosopher had different interests, studies, and experiments. Some of them agreed with the theory's of other philosophers whereas others had different points of view. These philosophers began the study of psychology, and became the foundation of psychology today. The foundation of psychology forms around questions involving how humans accumulate knowledge of the world, how the mind is organized, how senses work, and if knowledge is built into the system (Goodwin, 2008). Rene Descartes (1596-1650)
When Descartes was 18 years of age he left college because he was not satisfied with his education. He was more interested in finding information out for himself, rather than relying on authority. His main scientific interests were encompassed geology, astronomy, botany, anatomy, aeronautics, engineering, and weaponry. In the early 1620s, Descartes studied physics, optics, geometry, and physiology. He combined his interests, and demonstrated how various disciplines could be united through the careful use of reason based on a mathematical foundation (Goodwin, 2008). John Locke (1632-1704)
John Locke spent most of his adult life as a tutor, and lecturer at Oxford. He led the life of a philosopher with a political and diplomatic career. Locke explains how knowledge is required, and how humans understand our world. Locke believed that empiricist thinking could be applied to all aspects of the education of children. Locke studied human knowledge and its acquisition (Goodwin, 2008). George Berkeley (1685-1753)
George Berkeley's main focus was on analysis of sensory processes. He published two books when he was in...