History of Ife/Modekeke Crisis

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HISTORY OF MODAKEKE
Modakeke is a town in Osun State, South West Nigeria, with a population of close to three hundred thousand people.The Modakekes are also known as the "Akoraye" and have a history of valor at war and are prosperous farmers. With the fall of the Oyo Empire to the Fulani, the Yoruba kingdom was thrown into confusion and the inhabitants of the Old Oyo were dispersed and started new settlements all around Yoruba land.Fleeing southwards in search of new abodes after the fall of the Oyo Empire, the Oyos started settling among the Ifes in 1834. As the Romans of old, they were soldier-farmers. They were hardy as soldiers and industrious as farmers. Having lost all their possessions in their hasty flight, they started life in Ife by doing menial jobs to enable them eke out a living. The reigning Ooni of Ife, Oba Akinmoyero was said to have received them well. They started growing and producing different types of food crops on farmlands given to them by their hosts. A good number of them got recruited into Ife’s weak army and it was through their gallantry that Ife had its territory extended to Alakowe, its present boundary with Ilesa. Prior to the arrival of the Oyos, Ijesha land extended to the present location of the Palace of the Ooni of Ife. This is why the Palace area is known as Enuwa (Enu Owa) until today. Ooni Akinmoyero gave the displaced Oyo an expanse of land to stay outside the walls of Ife,the place given to the Modakekes was hometo a species of bird called Ako (Stork), Hence the origin of the appellation AKORAYE(The stork has a place). It was also customary for the storks at the location to chirp and sing the rhyme "Mo-da-ke-ke-ke-ke" which was most of the time heard by the Ifes and it was decided that the new settlement would be called MODAKEKE. HISTORY OF MODAKEKE

Modakeke is located in the tropical forest, South West of Nigeria. It is about 45 kilometres from Osogbo, the Osun State capital and 90 kilometres from Ibadan, the capital of Oyo a neighbouring state. Also the headquarters of Ife East Area Office is about 75 kilometres from Ore, Ondo State. The founding of Modakeke in 1845 was as a result of the fall of the Old Oyo Empire as a result of Fulani invasion. Many people migrated southwards to look for settlement, among them were those that came to Ile-Ife. The name Modakeke was adopted after consultation with oracle which directed them to go to Ebu Alako near Oke-Owu where they met a swarm of Ako (Stork) birds. The name derives from the cry of the storks in a large tree Mo-da-ke-ke-ke-ke, and where “Ako ri aaye duro si” now know as Modakeke Akoraaye and since the founding eighteen traditional heads known as ‘Ogunsua’ had ruled the town. POPULATION

Modakeke town is a growing semi-Urban centre which is developing rapidly. Suffice to say that it is also experiencing a rapid increase in population. This increase in population is attributed to natural increase and immigration of people to the town. According to 1991 census, Modakeke population was put at 60,735 although the figure appears questionable because of the natural and other factors identified necessary for population growth. Modakeke, the Oyo sub group of the Yoruba, mainly inhabits Ife East Area Office, Modakeke-Ife with influx of large number of people from various ethnic groups across the country, e.g. The Igbos from Eastern Nigeria, Hausa from the North and Igbiras from Kogi State form the bulk of the Labour supply for farm work to the local farmers. OCCUPATION

Many economic activities take place within the Ife East Area Office, which include, trading, carpentry, Motor mechanic, blacksmith, lumbering etc, but the major one being agrarian. Agriculture and forest resources form the backbone of the economy in Modakeke. The Area is well known for food production and cash crops. There are various location of fruit orchard in Modakeke and its environs. Modakeke is endowed with various spices of woods which promote lumbering activities...
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