History of Camera

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Nowadays, not much thought goes into pulling out your phone, snapping a picture, and putting in on Instagram. But it hasn't been forever that someone was able to capture their favorite moments in a photo.

The early camera was not much more than a pinhole camera as early as 1558. It was called the Camera Obscura. The Camera Obscura was seen as a drawing tool for objects. An image of a subject on paper was "projected" and could be used to draw, trace or paint it. The Camera Obscura provided an image that was temporary, and could not be lastingly captured on to paper for later. Around 1822 French researcher Joseph Nicephore Niepce, created the first photograph by using paper that was coated with a chemical. The image however, did fade after a short amount of time.

Another Frenchman partnered with Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in 1829, to find a way to create a permanent image. Joseph Niépce died in 1833 but his partner continued with the work and succeeded in 1837 after many long years of experimentation. A slightly more advanced version of this called the Calotype process made multiple pictures possible using the negative and positive method. It was during the 1840's that the use of photographic images in advertisements first started.

Early photographers went through a process where they had to coat the surface with wet chemicals each and every time. In 1888 George Eastman founded Kodak. Kodak developed the photo fil in 1889 and made it available to the masses in rolls. This led to many other advancements in photography, including Thomas Edison's motion picture camera in 1891. After this, advancements only accelerated. The first camera available to the masses came in 1913, in the form of a 35 mm still camera. Kodak launched color film in1941. In 1948, the polaroid was brough to market, allowing for the instant processing of an image. Asian companies like Sony and Konica made an entry to the market. Konica launched the auto-focus camera, and Sony began making...
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