First and foremost we would like to thank the bright and dedicated group members for putting in their very best effort to make this assignment a successful one. Secondly, a heartfelt gratitude and appreciation to our lecturer madam …. for all the cooperation and toleration. Moreover we would also take this opportunity to thank our classmates and friends who have also contributed and gave us a helping hand. Completion of this assignment has given us the opportunity to learn more about the Japanese cultural dance, costumes and the musical instruments used while performing. We believe it’s pretty important to get to know the cultures and tradition of other ethnics around the globe, which could very much benefit us and allows us to raise our knowledge and understanding.
There are several purposes of this study;
• To help students understand the culture of Japan through its traditional dance forms. • Based on a belief that art, particularly dance, is a form of communication among people that leads to a better understanding about the feelings and cultures of others, therefore this allows students to learn more about the Japanese cultural dance which varies. • Through the learning of dance technique in a new cultural context, students are expected to reflect on the meanings of their own culture and art forms. • It is hoped that this educational experience will be a source of inspiration in their creative life. • Also allows students to be familiar with the tradition and culture of other countries.
Japan or it is also known as Nihon or Nippon. Japan is an island nation in East Asia. It is located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Sun”. Cultures of the Japanese vary from the culture of other regions. As it is, there are several types of traditional Japanese dance. These dances are created and mixed up from one to another yet all of them are unique in their own way. Some describe history and others are done entirely by men. The Four traditional dances today which are different from one another are Kabuki that became known in the 17th century, Noh Mai, Bon Festival which and a dance for the spirits, and Nihon Buyo which is created from a bit of all the dances. The Kamogawa Odori is a part of Geisha Dance. The Kamogawa Odori is simply irresistible and a rare chance to see geisha perform in public. It helps make May the merriest month of the year.
HISTORY OF GEISHA
At the 7th century, Geisha have their roots in female entertainers such as the Saburuko and around the early 13th century, the Shirabyoshi emerged. Saburuko (serving girls) were mostly wandering girls whose families were displaced from struggles in the late 600s. They would perform for the nobility and some even became concubines to the emperor. Like so many aspects of Japanese culture, they were modeled after those of Ming Dynasty China. After they were relocated in the mid-1600s, they became known as Shimabara. Some of these saburuko girls sold sexual services, while others with a better education made a living by entertaining at high-class social gatherings. After the imperial court moved the capital to Heian-kyō (Kyoto) in 794 the conditions that would form Japanese Geisha culture began to emerge, as it became the home of a beauty-obsessed elite. Skilled female performers, such as Shirabyōshi dancers, thrived.
Traditional Japan embraced sexual delights and men were not constrained to be faithful and loyal to their wives. The ideal wife was a modest mother and manager of the home, love has become second important when comes to this. For sexual enjoyment and romantic...
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