History 101

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History 101
Study Guide for Exam III
Early Rome
Etruscan
Etruria
Herodotus
Lemnean Theory
Tarquinia
Caere
Necropolis
Fasces: form of power gladiator needs to have when they are fighting Gladiator: sports and entertainment; warriors
Tinia
Uni
Menerva
arx
Cardo: north south
Decumanus : east west
toga
Romulus
Remus
Sabines: used party as form of distraction to distract sabines women and conquer the men. Tarquin (Rex) ( title for king): form of monarchy
Kings.
Estrucian dynasty began with the tarquin
Romans never liked tarquins.
Latium:
Numa Pompilius: king of religion from 716 B.C. to 673 B.C.
Monarch for religion
Tullius Hostilius : monarch for political institution
Invented commoners (comitia curiata)
Invented economy
673-642
Ancus Martius: invented military
642-617
Monarch for military

Tarquinius Priscus
Tarquinnius og Jupitar Optimus max;
617-579
Servius Tullius
Expanded the city of Rome
579-535
Tarquin Supurbus
Rape of Lucretia
535-510
Patricians
Father
Plebians
Ordinary people
Equestrians
People between patricians and plebians
 
 
Political Organization
    I. Monarchy                                        II. Oligarchy (Republic)         Rex  - - - - - - - >                            Cursus Honorum*         Senate - - - - - - >                            Senate         Comitia Curiata - ->                        Comitia Centuriata (People's Assembly)                                                                 Comitia Tributa (Tribal Assembly)         * Aedile -> Questor - > Praetor - > Consul

             Dictator        Censor        Tribune Religion
Pontifex Maximus: highest chief priest
Elected for life
Pontifs
Priest
Presides over sacrfices
Luperces
Wolfman
Responsible for the festivals of lupercalia
February 14
Vestal Virgins
Highly esteemed women
Authority
Appointed for life
Serve for thirty years
Jupiter
King of all gods
God of thunder and lightning
Juno
God of marriage and child bearing
Minerva
God of wisdom
Venus
God of love
pater familias
father of family
Vesta
God of hearth
Apollo
God of sun
Mars
God of War
Neptune
God of sea
Mercury
Messenger god with wings on his feet
Pluto
God of underworld
Bacchus
God of wine
Ceres
God of agriculture
Vulcan
God if blacksmith
Diana
God of moon
Female huntress
Mos Maiorum
The way of the elder

manus
power over other people
Fas
It can be done
ne fas
it cannot be done
lares
fields, crops, tools

Penates
Household gods

Virtus
Virtues
Strong healthy body
Serves for country
Pietas
Loyal , reverence, obedience
Fides
Faith
Gravitasra
gravity

Constantia
constant
Dignitas
dignity
Auctoritas
Authority `
Imperialism
Rome
Wipe of territory
Latium
Etruria
Magna Graecia
Carthage
Punic Wars
Sicily
Corsica
Sardinia
Spain
Macedonian Wars
Corinth
Asia Minor
Pergamum
Syria/Palestine
Gaul
Egypt
Britain
Mesopotamia
Dacia

Roman Revolution/Civil War
Optimates:
Under the senates
Best men
Old politicians
Populares
Under the senates
People party
Most people want them because they are young

Tiberius Gracchus:
Elected tribune
Drafts bill for urban unemployment
Made Law placed on restriction on number of acres(150-300acres)
Gaius Gracchus: elected tribune
He was a moderate man
Wanted revenge for the killing of Tiberius Gracchus
Lex Frumentaria:Cor n law made under Gaius Gracchus

Equestrian:wealthy plesbians that want access to Senate
Latifundia: plantations, great landed estate for ancient Romans. Numidia: A kingdom in North Africa at 112BC, when the King died, he left his kingdom to his three sons… Jugurtha: …he killed his two brothers inorder to be in control Marius: leader of the senate that helped in defeating Jugurtha Sulla: he was the hope of the Optimates.. He fought with Marius and won… Senate illegally named him dictator… Battle of Actium: battle between Octavian and Mark...
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