Hip-Hop's Effect on African-American Feminists

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Kelli Hickey
Cheryl Hitosis
December 7, 2007
Hip-Hop’s Effect on African-American Feminists
Annotated Bibliography
Davis, Eisa. “Sexism and the Art of Feminists Hip-Hop Maintenance.” To be Real: Telling the Truth and Changing the Face of Feminism. New York: Anchor Books, 1995. 131-139. Davis points out that not all feminists are taking the concept of sexism so casually and also _ believes that rap lyrics are not the only cause for the degradation of black women. Black _ _ men have given black women a place where they can gain public acceptance in popular _ _ culture._

DiPrima, Dominique. “Women in Rap.” Hotwire. May 1991: 36. Salt-N-Pepa is introduced and this tells how they make a statement in hip-hop music _ through their lyrics. DiPrima talks about the group’s female empowerment that became_ _ present in their songs._

Emerson, Rana. “African-American Teenage Girls and the Construction of Black Womanhood in Mass Media and Popular Culture.” 88.
Emerson says the lyrics make racism seem normal and acceptable. In contrast, black girls _ remain confident in themselves. They use popular culture to make their lives more meaningful _ _ and express themselves. _

Niesel, Jeff. “Hip-Hop Matters: Rewriting the Sexual Politics of Rap Music.” Third Wave Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism. Minneapolis: U of Minneapolis P, 1997. 242-245. Niesel states rap music is exploitative, but it also plays a significant role in enforcing _ feminists’ principles. He says there are rappers out there who use their rap to advocate _ _ treating women fairly, and bring awareness of social problems. _ Pilgrim, Dr. David. “Jezebel.” July 2002. http://www.ferris.edu/news/jimcrow/jezebel. Pilgrim says black women have always been viewed as sexually promiscuous. These views _ still carry on in pop culture today. He also talks about how black women were viewed in the _ _ times of Foxy Brown and Lil Kim._...
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