Professor Roy Shaff
March 11, 2012
Hinduism is a very complex religion that consists of a variety of beliefs and traditions. The Indian religion embraces the belief and practices of Hindu. Hinduism is a religion of many gods and goddesses. There are many elements that characterize the Hindu religion. The oldest and most sacred scriptures, is the Vedas which originated around fifteen hundred B.C. The Hindu people believe that Vedas is timeless. Veda means “knowledge”. The knowledge came from Lord Krishna, the Supreme of Godhead. The four Vedas consist of Rig, Sama, Yajur and Atharva. One Divine and the divinities of nature come from the prayers of the Vedas. Prayers also consist of matrimony, progeny, prosperity, concord and domestic rites for magic just to name a few. The prayers consist of day-today spiritual realization as well as the needs to live (Coogan, 2005). The Vedas prayers are written in metrical verse which includes approximately four lines. Hinduism is three popular religions in the world. Hindus worship in their homes and their Temples. Hindus use a small room in their home to pray daily. The worship of Hindu is puja. This is carried out in the home of the Hindu before a Hindu Temple. There are many places of worship for the Hindu religion and each one as special features that are present in the house of worship. The five senses of touch, taste, smell, sight and hearing involves the Hindu worship (Coogan, 2005). Hindu also considers the basic elements light, fire, earth, air and water. Before Hindus pray at home they wash thoroughly. When entering the Temple or at home, the Hindus remove their shoes to show respect to their god (Coogan, 2005). Hindus believe in the immortality of the soul and in reincarnation. The religion of Hindu believes in the battle between the good and evil. The religion teaches that man advance through successive levels of knowledge to final of truth. Truth and knowledge is very important to the Hindu faith. There are quite a few misconceptions about the Hindu faith; the first is the belief in many Gods. Many people have the understanding there are many gods and goddesses, but if you really look into the philosophically of the Hindu belief they believe in one god. The gods are a manifestation of the same god. There is not just any one founder and it does not have a bible or Qur’an to learn about and have a resolution. Hinduism does not adhere to just one idea. In my findings I learned that Hinduism can be identifying with civilization which is happening now. The caste system was created by the Hindu belief. The caste system keep it ring on the people for over 4,000 years, because their religion is sanctions. The cast system was abolished, but the custom remains in effect in rural areas (Fisher, 2011). In the urban centers, there are ads for a bride or groom to be their mate and who is from the same caste. There is misconceptions that woman are subservient to men. The woman status according to sacred text is abysmal; the status of today’s Hindu woman is very different than it was over 60 years ago. The Hindu women are educated, there are jobs available and being accepted has allowed the woman to become more mobile. Men view the equality of woman differently; the sacred text does not sway on this issue. There are still hills for woman to climb, especially in areas of marriage and their customs. Although child marriages have been outlawed, there are still locations that have arranged marriages. When someone dies, family and friends are informed. Within a few hours, the dead body is carried on a litter in a procession to the local cremation ground. The procession is lead by the eldest son, acting as the chief mourner of the deceased. The name of the god is either Rama, Hari or Shiva is cried out as the precession moves. At the cremation ground, the body is laid on a specially prepared pyre of wood and is cremated in the...
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