Hhs 201 Discussions

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Week 1 Discussion 1
Barriers to Helping and Receiving
Internal barriers are emotions and attributes that keep people from seeking help. Internal barriers are dealt with in the worker-client counseling relationship. The difficulty of evaluating the seriousness of a problem is explained on page 15 of our text “An Introduction to Human Services”. Some of these are that one will sit and wonder if they really need help, or if their child has a learning disability or just a slow learner, or are they really depressed or are their child hyperactive or just have a high energy level. The fear of being judged, labeled, or punished is also an internal barrier. One will wonder if their child will be labeled retarded if tested for a learning disability or worried about applying for benefits because of what people may think about them. External barriers are environmental and make it hard for people to receive help. The inadequacy of service is a just one barrier. This can include language barriers or building maintenance. It can include opening a halfway house that is acceptable to the community and within public transportation boundaries. Another barrier is the high cost of services such as one cannot afford a nursing home. Or you make $3.00 to much to get help with food. These barriers exist because we feel that embarrassment when we need help, because of our pride. We should be able to take care of ourselves. Barriers exist because we have no knowledge of programs and costs. We listen to others and do not find out for ourselves, because of our pride. Other barriers such as services for the disabled, there just are not enough staff or services so it holds back the disabled from getting not only the help they need but it holds them back from progressing. Overcoming these barriers is not easy. The internal barriers are things we need to overcome. The external barriers we can overcome by standing up for what we believe and go to the top for help. If the disabled cannot progress because of lack of service, then we need to go to the top. This could mean writing your congress or senator. “Oh, they don't listen to us little people.” Wrong! They know it is us little people that get them elected and continuing up the ladder. Get a group together and start getting signatures for a petition that goes straight to your Governor, senator, or whatever.

Reid Mandell, B. & Schram, B. (2012). An Introduction to Human Services. Pearson Publication, Inc.

Week 1 Discussion 2
Multicausality

Multicausality is defined as “the view that personal or social problems are caused by many interacting factors, often too complex to allow a precise assessment of causality” (Reid-Mandell, pg 81). Multicausality is central to understanding the human services field because one can never solidly establish causality. It is hard to help someone if they don't give all the data or the wrong data. It helps us to understand the strategies needed to eliminate personal and social problems.

Causality is never solidly established so we can only collect the data and form a hypothesis or “best guess” in explaining the cause of the problem.
It is rare that there is only one cause of a problem. Most often we can see factors when witnessing something like school violence. This particular thing has many factors, the parents, teachers, friends, the bully and even the school itself. In ignoring even one of these factors may cause the problem to escalate causing death.

Problems in Human Services come from intertwined personal pressures and social forces. Again, school violence. Children have too much time on their hands with nothing to do but watch television, and play video games. Violence is all around us and the children often get to see more. Violence in the media, violent video games and school violence from the bully at school.

The cause behind social problems can be secondary or deeply rooted. The root causes are the reason behind the reason for doing things....
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