Hepatitis B

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INTRODUCTION
Hepatitis B is the most common serious liver infection in the world and can estimated one third of the Global Population has been infected with the Hepatitis B virus. Therefore it continues to be a major global health problem. (WHO, 2009) This infection is highly prevalent to the third world countries which include the Philippines. It is caused by the Hepatitis B virus that attacks the liver and can cause both acute and chronic disease. A single virus particle can cause the disease. In fact the Hepatitis B virus is 50 to 100 times more infectious than human immunodeficiency virus. It is easily transmitted through infected blood and other body fluids like seminal fluid, vaginal secretions, breast milk, tears, saliva and open sores. The virus can survive outside the body for at least 7 days. During that time, the virus can still cause infection if it enters the body of a person who is not infected. Hepatitis B is not transmitted through casual contact and by eating contaminated food. (WHO, 2009) The purpose of conducting this study is to determine the impact to the lifestyle of a person acquiring Hepatitis B virus.

Hepatitis B occurs anywhere at any time, it increases in places with high population density. Poor hygiene health care workers are at high risk for acquiring the disease because of their close contact with the blood of carriers. Person who have had multiple Blood Transfusions or Dialysis care also have the disease. Homosexual men, morticians, people who undergo tattooing and IV drug users are also at high risk of acquiring Hepatitis B. Clients and carriers are the major sources of Hepatitis B virus. The major mode of transmission is when contact with any body fluids of an infected person, these include saliva and semen. (Black, Hawks, Keene. 2001) The virus has a bigger chance to occur in a populated area. The virus can be transmitted through blood contact and also by other body fluids such as saliva and semen. Health care workers having...
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