Healthcare: It Is a Right or a Privilege?
Fannie Lolita Evans
SOC120: Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility
Instructor Danielle Ely
March 11, 2013
The United States spends twice as much in healthcare compared to other countries. In our country, it is a privilege, not a right. Those that support a better health care reform believe it should be a right for citizens to have health care. This research will explain how everyone should have a right to health care. No matter how young or old, it should be a right. Due to the recession, thousands of citizens are now uninsured. The United States need quality and affordable health care. The Affordable Healthcare Act will put laws into place to offer clear choices, and new rules to prevent insurance companies from raising prices, and denying under age children coverage with pre-existing conditions. By making a universal health care program happen, there would be a better economy, and everyone would be better off. Utilitarianism can suggest the obvious solution, in which produces a better outcome for the largest number of people.
Over the years, modern medical technology and treatments have improved the survival of sick or injured people; however, there are a lot of families who do not have adequate health care. In some poor countries, they do not have the basic sources to provide medical care. Some countries, with minimal sources, with the advances in health care may not always be available. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (2000), “even in well-resourced countries, advances in health care have not always been accompanied by commensurate attention to the child’s wider well-being and sufficient concerns about their anxieties, fears, and suffering”. Because health care has been under discussion for many years, there are still no laws guaranteeing health care rights to everyone in this country.
Since there is no mention of health care in our Declaration of Independence or Constitution, there was very little anyone could do to improve health in the early years. Roemer (1989) discovered” in the 19th and 20th centuries, the government improved health care concerns such as clean water, or certain demands on citizens like quarantine for diseases to make a better, and safer conditions for the health of the general population” (cited by McCarrick, 1992a). Also, Capron (1989) stated “in 1798, congress passed a law for the relief of Sick and Disabled Seaman. Medical care and laws were established in the early years. This law provided medical care for merchant seamen” (cited by McCarrick, 1992b). It was also determined that other national groups benefited from congressional action; health care was guaranteed to persons in the armed services, war veterans, Native Americans, prisoners, and Federal employees” (McCarrick, 1992c). This declaration was formed by others, who thought of as health care as benefits owed to others.
In 1965, Medicare and Medicare were instituted by the Federal Government for those over 65 years of age, and some of the poor. “This guaranteed a right to health care for a sizeable portion of the American Population” (McCarrick, 1992d). There were other accomplishments by the Federal Government guaranteeing health care to American citizens. In 1969, Congress passed a law funding renal dialysis for kidney failure. This treatment is available to anyone by the Federal Government, who has this disease.
In 1983, the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, concluded in its reports that “society has an ethical obligation to ensure equitable access to healthcare for all and the responsibility for ensuring the obligation is the Federal Government” (cited by McCarrick, 1992e). This is not a one-sided obligation, it is and obligation for all to have quality and affordable healthcare.
Our health care system is in disarray. The United States health care system is the most...
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