The Nursing and Midwifery council (NMC 2008)states that a nurse should be able to protect and promote the health and well-being of those in their care. This essay will be discussing the health promotion role of a nurse looking after a patient that has Chronic Obstuctive Pulmonary Disease(COPD) .The essay will focus on a 65 year old gentleman Mr Abraham who has been admitted into a general medical ward,with an acute exacerbation of COPD. Mr Abraham is well known to the ward as he is admitted regularly, the ward staff are aware of the fact that he continues to smoke and uses his inhalers incorrectly.
World Health Organisation (WHO 2010) state "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease characterized by chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing and is not fully reversible. Patient UK(2008) state an exacerbation of COPD can be defined as a sustained worsening of a patient's symptoms from his/her usual stable state that is beyond normal day-to-day variations, and is acute in onset. Commonly reported symptoms are worsening breathlessness cough, increased sputum production and change in sputum colour.
The risk factors which can predispose a person to be more prone to acquiring COPD are cigarette and cigar smoking,exposure to inhaled pollutants ,recurrent respiratory tract infections ,Age Process ,Male Sex, Family history of COPD, Air pollution, (O'Neill ,2002). COPD can be brought on by many of these factors but the majority of cases are brought on by smoking. Mr Abraham has continued smoking which has made his COPD progress in its pace and he has recurrent exacerbation's placing him in hospital .
The nurse and Mr Abraham will need to explore ways which which will give Mr Abraham the health education to aid him in a bid to reduce /stop smoking .Mr Abraham is also not using his inhalers correctly and the nurse can show Mr... [continues]
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