Topics: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Asthma, Pulmonology Pages: 4 (1362 words) Published: February 11, 2013
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) or also known as Chronic Bronchitis or Emphysema is a disease that happens in the lungs of people who smoke. It blocks the airflow to the lungs with black tar / black carbon. Some symptoms are excessive coughing and continuously out of breath. To ease the symptoms you could you use inhalers, steroids, antibiotics or just more oxygen. This disease will slowly kill you because it affects your respiratory system therefore making it a long and agonising suffocation. COPD is an incurable disease.

It is called COPD or in other terms chronic bronchitis or emphysema because firstly ; Chronic means determined/continuous, Bronchitis the inflammation of the lungs (bronchi), emphysema is the damage of the alveoli and small airways connected and pulmonary meaning it affects the lungs in some kind of way. The knowledge of COPD dates back 400 years; however it has always existed but was called many different names. It was in 1769 Giovanni Battista Morgagni, an Italian anatomist, described 19 cases of ‘turgid’ lungs that supposedly thought came from air. Matthew Baillie, a Scottish physician and pathologist, illustrated a lung that has suffered emphysema and describing its conditions and how it gradually gets worse. René Laennec, who invented the stethoscope, first came up with the term “emphysema” in his book about diseases in the lungs. He described how when he opened up a lung in an autopsy it was immediately clear to him how the lung did not collapse but stayed fully inflated. He later found out that this was caused by mucus blocking the airways keeping air stuck in the blocked airways. Finally in 1959 the term COPD was defined as emphysema and chronic bronchitis and was first used by William Briscoe in 1965. Slowly COPD is becoming the established term for the disease.

There are many symptoms of COPD but one of the most common is shortness of breath known as dyspnoea....
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