DIFFERENT TYPES OF ABUSE
BTEC HEALTH AND SOCIAL LEVEL 3
DIFFERENT TYPES OF ABUSE
* Misuse of medication
Signs and symptoms: The person can be very inactive there will be a noticeable change on the person’s appearance. For example bruising in unusual places such as thighs or under the arms. Secret falls or major injuries that they won’t tell you about. Bruises or cuts.
* Rape and sexual assault
* Forced to be photographed or videoed
* Any sexual activity
Signs and symptoms: There will be a noticeable change in behaviour, there may be difficult for them to walk or sit if been hurt when the abuse happened. Injuries to genital or anal area.
* Failure to provide necessary care e.g. Assistance, guidance or attention * Active neglect
* Passive neglect: not providing basic necessities of life because lack of experience
Signs and symptoms: Prescribed medication not being taken. No food, hygiene, clothing, comfort been given. Isolation.
* Emotional abuse
* Threats of harm
* Deprivation of contact
* Verbal abuse
Signs and symptoms: There may be a change in behaviour, will have different sleeping patterns, confusion, change in weight and what they like and dislike.
Signs and symptoms: They will have a lack of cash, unpaid bills, basic needs not being met.
* Poor care standards
* Lack of positive responses
* Rigid routines
* Insufficient knowledge
Signs and symptoms: Failure to make choices or decisions, patterns of challenging behaviour
* Racist slurs
* Sexist slurs
* Slurs or harassment on the basis of a disability
* Slurs or harassment on the basis of sexual preference
* Age discrimination
Signs and symptoms: Fear, anger, depression and low self-esteem.
* Blaming yourself for the abuse
Signs and symptoms: This can include wanting to be alone and not interact with anyone else, rude, being disrespectful, forgetting things.
Acts of omission
* Ignoring medical or physical care needs
* Failure to provide access to appropriate health
* Withholding of medication
Signs and symptoms: There will be a change in behaviour, isolation, not looking after their health, become more ill
* Physical, sexual or emotional mistreatment
* Physical abuse involves physical aggression directed to a child by an adult * Sexual abuse is a form of child abuse which an adult abuses a child * Emotional abuse, torture, criticism
Signs and symptoms: Bruises, cuts or scars, painful urination, bleeding, burns, sprains
* Unwelcome behaviour
* Fault finding
* Verbal and written warnings
* Singled out
* Shouted at
Signs and symptoms: For a child they will say they are feeling ill to stay home, loss of interest in friends, having no friends. Some children don’t show any signs.
* Involves an act of recruiting, transporting, receiving a person througha use of force * Exploiting the prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery
Signs and symptoms: Isolation, cuts bruises, won’t speak to anyone as much, drugged up not aware of what’s happening around them
* Threatening behaviour
* Violence or abuse