Health and Fitness

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Health and Fitness
Mrs. Greene
Bilal Blackwell
Composition 11
5/17/13

Bilal Blackwell
Mrs. Greene
Composition
4/30/13
Health & Fitness
Most people will not argue with the fact that sports and exercise can be beneficial, but there are some that feel that the risk of injury takes away from the benefit. They believe that pursuing fitness can lead the way to major injuries and is detrimental to health. Even though there are some risks that can be linked to sports and other forms of fitness, there are a lot more benefits. The benefits that accompany fitness can promote physical and mental health, which most people want to have. Regular physical activity is good for the body, reducing the risk that one will develop high blood pressure, heart disease, colon cancer or diabetes. To help the next generation be healthier and avoid dangerous health problems, schools should increase funding for athletic clubs, and require either P.E. or a health class each high school year. Physical activity among youth can prevent common diseases that could affect them when they get older. However, less than 3 in 10 high school students get at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day (cdc.gov, 2012). Physical activity can improve health in many ways. People who are physically active tend to live longer and have lower risk for heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, depression, and some cancers. Physical activity can also help with weight control, and may improve academic achievement in students according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Many will agree that regular physical activity in childhood and adolescence improves strength and endurance, and helps build healthy bones and muscles. This can help prevent diseases like osteoporosis. It has also been proven that physical fitness improves academic focus and thus academic grades. Yet many still turn to the risks of sports and other physical activity and argue against their benefits. Being involved in physical activity regularly in one’s teens improves strength, helps build healthy bones and muscles, and helps control weight. Sports and exercise can help keep one monitor their weight and keep it at a responsible level. Having a healthy diet is important, but exercise has a bigger impact controlling one's weight. One gains weight when the calories they burned, including those burned during physical activity, are less than the calories they eat (cdc.gov, 2012). Not only does strong scientific evidence show that physical activity can help one lose weight but also it shows that one can maintain their weight at a healthy level one desires. While the precise amount of exercise needed to maintain or achieve a healthy weight may vary based on your diet and your genes, the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association concluded that “more activity increases the probability of success”(2010). Exercise and sports combats health conditions and diseases. According to the Center for Disease control and Prevention, heart disease and stroke are two of the leading causes of death in the United States (2010). Moderate aerobic and physical activity can put one at a lower risk for these diseases. One can reduce their risk even further with more physical activity. Regular physical activity can also lower one’s blood pressure and improve one’s cholesterol levels decreases one's chance of heart attacks and other heart problems. This can also reduce one’s chance of developing type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Millions of Americans have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and many are unaware they have it and are at high risk (cdc.gov, 2011). Type two-diabetes is when the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Insulin is a necessary for the body to be able to use glucose for energy. When one eats food, the body breaks down all of the sugars and starches into glucose,...
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