Havard Referencing Guide

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 30
  • Published : October 6, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
MBS Library Service

Guide to citing references
(Harvard system)

John Hynes
Feb 2010

MBS Library Service is part of the John Rylands University Library

1.

INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………….. 3

2.

CITING REFERENCES WITHIN THE TEXT…………………………… 3

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12

Single author…………………………………………………………………………... 3 - 4 Two authors………………………………………………………………………………... 4 Multiple authors…………………………………………………………………………… 4 Authors of different titles………………………………………………………………... 5 Several works by single author (different years)…………………………………… 5 Several works by single author (different years)…………………………………… 5 Author of a chapter within an edited text…………………………………………….. 6 Corporate authors………………………………………………………………………… 6 No author…………………………………………………………………………………… 6 No date………………………………………………………………………………….. 6 - 7 Citing secondary sources……………………………………………………………….. 7 How to quote portions of a published text…………………………………………… 7

3. CREATING THE LIST OF REFERENCES & BIBLIOGRAPHY………….. 8 3.1

Introduction……………………………………………………………………………….. 8

3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.5
3.2.6

Books (single author)……………………………………………………………………. 8 Books (2,3 or 4 authors)…………………………………………………………………. 9 Books (more than 4 authors)…………………………………………………………… 9 Books which are edited………………………………………………………………… 10 Chapter(s) from an edited book………………………………………………………. 10 Multiple works by single author within the same year…………………………… 11 Electronic Books………………………………………………………………………… 11

3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13

Journal articles (print & electronic)… ………………………….............................. 12 Newspaper articles (print & electronic)…………………………………………….. 13 Annual reports (print & electronic)…………………………………………………... 14 Information from a website & online publications…………………………... 14 - 15 Conference proceedings / papers……………………………………………………. 15 Dissertations..……………………………………………………………………………. 15 Acts of Parliament…..…………………………………………………………………... 16 Statutory Instruments..…………………………………………………………………. 16 Command papers..……………………………………………………………………… 16 British Standards………………………………………………………………………... 17 Law report………………………………………………………………………………… 17

LIST OF REFERENCES………………………………………………………... 17 BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………………………… 17

2

1. Introduction
Throughout the course of your studies, you will be expected to support the arguments made in your assignments, through references to other published works. These references can come from many different sources such as academic journals, textbooks, newspaper articles, websites etc. “Citation” is the technical term given to the practice of referring to the work of other authors. It allows you to give due credit to the ideas of others, whilst also providing evidence of the breadth and depth of your own background reading. It also allows those who read your work, to easily identify and locate the references you have provided.

This guide provides you with examples of how to correctly cite references within the text of your assignments. It also provides guidance on how to compile an accurate list of references / bibliography.

The guide uses the Harvard system of referencing system throughout. The Harvard system does allow for some variations in style (e.g. In your list of references, the title of a book can be italicized or underlined), but you must remain consistent throughout your document. APA referencing is very similar Harvard and is sometimes considered a Harvard variation.

The following guidelines are based upon the conventions provided by the University of Manchester’s Faculty of Humanities (2008). You should however check with your supervisor that this method of citation is accepted within your department.

2. Citing references within the text of your work
The way in which you refer to a source within the text of your work will depend upon a number of factors. These include the nature of the sentence/ paragraph being...
tracking img