Hand Foot and Mouth Disease

Topics: Infectious disease, Epidemiology, Disease Pages: 4 (1002 words) Published: May 12, 2013
Clara Anne Lim
Clara Anne Lim

Hand Foot Mouth Disease: An Overview
Hand Foot Mouth Disease: An Overview

Table of Contents
2.What HFMD is2
3.How it is spread3
4.Treatment and Prevention3

1. Introduction
This report discusses what Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is, how it is spread as well as the precautions one should take to avoid getting HFMD. There have been recurrent outbreaks of HFMD over the last few years and similar outbreaks of HFMD have also occurred in the region, namely in Brunei and Sarawak. In the recent outbreak in March this year, the number of HMFD cases in Singapore reached a peak of 785 cases a week. With the recurrent outbreaks of HFMD in Singapore and the region, and the potentially serious effects of the disease, particularly on children, the Ministry of Health (MOH) has tightened its guidelines on the procedures for the management of HFMD in child care centres in Singapore. In fact, HFMD is one of 30 ‘notifiable’ diseases, which means that general physicians, polyclinics and hospitals have to inform MOH about every case of HFMD. Owing to the major impact HFMD has on public health, this report serves to highlight several important aspects of HFMD and is submitted to Dr Mark Lim, lecturer of Public Health (PH) at Dover Polytechnic, in partial fulfilment of the PH module. 2. What HFMD is

3.1. Definition
HFMD is defined as Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease. It is caused by intestinal viruses, with Coxsackie virus and Enterovirus-71 being the most common. Out of the 80 different strains of HFMD, enterovirus-71 is the most infective. 3.2. Victims

HFMD affects both children and adults although it is most commonly found to infect children under the age of 10 years old. Anyone is at risk of being infected...
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