Haitian Immigration to the Dominican Republic.

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PREFACE

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 17

HAITIAN IMMIGRATION IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.7

1.1.Origin of Haitian immigration7

1.2.Causes of Haitian Immigration8

1.3.Estimation Population of Haitians in R.D.10

CHAPTER 211

Consequences of Migration from Haiti to R.D.11

2.1. Escaping poverty11

2.2 As this migration is beneficial?12

2.3 Provinces with the largest number of Haitian13

2.4 Republic of Haiti vs. Dominican Republic.13

CHAPTER 314

SUGAR INDUSTRY AND AGRICULTURAL WORKERS14

3.1 The sugar industry in the Dominican Republic.14

3.2 The batey and types of bateyes.15

3.3 Conditions of work and life in the bateyes:16

3.4 The decline of sugar17

CHAPTER 420

Haitians Murders in 193720

4.1 Haitians Murders20

4. 2 Expulsions21

4.3 Colour, culture and racism22

4.4 The Dominican perspective22

CHAPTER 523

5. 1 State Sovereignty versus Human Rights of Migrants23

5.2 Laws and migration to the Dominican25

5.3The challenge of the State.26

CHAPTER 627

Fundamentals of Migration Management Policy27

6.1 The legislation on immigration policy:27

6.2 Sovereignty, Legislation and Immigration Policy28

CONCLUSION30

Data Sources:32

PREFACE

The popular image of the Caribbean is of a tourist paradise, where temporary visitors freely spend their dollars earned elsewhere. For those who live in the region, however, more long-term movement of populations via intra and extra-regional migration presents an alternative side of the Caribbean experience. Within t he Caribbean there is no stigma in the sending society towards emigration; however, the receiving societies perceive immigrants as poor and inferior demonstrating similar prejudices to societies in other parts of the world. Just as there is no universally accepted definition of minorities, the definition of a ‘migrant’ is subject to discussion. When does a settled migrant community become an ethnic or national minority community: during the first generation, or the second, or third? One important factor will be a state’s laws on the acquisition of citizenship. Additionally, popular perceptions of the transition from migrant to national minority vary where communities are markedly ethnically and physically different from their host population. This is not a question only of semantics: migrant workers have recourse to a range of international standards and often to domestic laws protecting their rights.

The International Convention on the Rights of Migrant Workers came into force in July 2003, although it has not been ratified by any governments in the Caribbean islands. But ILO Convention No. 111, against discrimination in employment and occupation, could be invoked by those facing discrimination in the workplace, and those migrants who identify themselves as minorities can claim rights set out in the UN Declaration on Minorities.

However, within the Caribbean as elsewhere, undocumented migrants constitute a group that often has few rights under domestic law. With a lack of recourse to domestic law, and difficulties in claiming the rights they may have at that level, the provisions under international law become even more important.

Across the region, the role played by governments is not creditable. Governments of sending states do not condemn the conditions their nationals are forced to tolerate, because often the remittances sent home by migrant workers prop up a weak economy.

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INTRODUCTION

The Dominican Republic has always been key to foreign immigration, all kinds of social and cultural groups. Our country is and has always been a very attractive place for those foreigners who want to leave their country.

Among these foreign immigrants, we can recognize, our neighbors, the Haitians, whom also, for some reason or another, they have attracted our country.

Then, this paper will discuss the situation and...
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