Cuban Migration to the United States
Considering the close proximity of Cuba to the United States, it indicates that there has always been migration between United States and Cuba. During the 1800’s, immigration had become very popular amongst Cuba and the United States. In the 1800’s Cuban merchants and businessmen generally conducted business, and casually visited United States on vacations, and vice-versa. But all that changed when Fidel Castro took over Cuba in 1959, hence, having a significant rise in immigration from Cuba to the United States. Over the years thousands of Cubans fleeing Cuba on makeshift boats has become a routine to the United States. But the most important of the Cuban migration has happened in the past 40 to 50 years. Since then there were 4 major migration movements that distinguish this particular migration movement from others.
The first wave of migration started in 1959 when Fidel Castro took reign of the Cuban government by defeating Dictator General Fulgencio Batista. Many wealthy and educated white upper and middle class Cubans who were followers of the previous dictator General Fulgencio Batista feared that the sudden change in power would hurt them, so they started leaving Cuba and made their way towards the United States. This wave of the migration which lasted for 3 years, had approximately 250,000 Cuban immigrants leave Cuba for the United States. Many Cubans “temporarily” came to the United States during the first wave because they had a strong feeling that they would return to Cuba as soon as the United States intervened and removed Castro out of his powers. This particular wave of migration distinguished itself from others because many of the Cubans in the United States considered themselves to be “political exiles” rather than immigrants. The second major migration started in 1965 and continued through 1973. Fidel Castro allowed Cubans with family members in the United States to leave Cuba. Both countries agreed that...
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