Hague Rule

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THE HAMBURG RULES: DID IT INCREASE THE LIABILITY OF THE
CARRIER?
BY
KWEKU GYAN AINUSON
(Under The Direction of Professor Gabriel Wilner)
ABSTRACT
The Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea (Hamburg rules) was hoped to provide a uniform modern commercial code for the international carriage of goods by sea. However, after 26 years after the diplomatic conference and nearly 13 years after it came into force, the rules have not been ratified by the world’s major maritime powers. The main contention of the maritime powers is that, the Hamburg rules have increased the liability of the carrier to unbearable levels. The majority of the world maritime powers have thus, continued to use the previous rules with some adopting a hybrid of the previous and the existing one.

My thesis is therefore to assess the extent to which the Hamburg rules have increased the liability of the carrier. The focus will be on making a comparison between the Hamburg rules and the previous Hague rules, specifically on the provisions of the definition of the carrier, carrier’s period of responsibility, carrier’s obligation and the carrier’s general liability.

INDEX WORDS:

Carrier Liability, Definition of carrier, Carriage of Goods by Sea, Period of responsibility, Obligation of Carrier, Nautical fault, Management of Vessel, Fire onboard, Salvage at Sea,
International law, Marine Transportation,
International Maritime Law, Hamburg rules, Hague rules, HagueVisby rules,

THE HAMBURG RULES: DID IT CHANGE THE LIABILITY OF THE
CARRIER?
By

KWEKU GYAN AINUSON
Bachelor of Laws, (LLB) University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana, 2001 Barrister of Law, Ghana School of Law, Accra, Ghana, 2002
A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the University of Georgia in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree:

MASTER OF LAW

ATHENS, GEORGIA
2006

C 2006
KWEKU GYAN AINUSON
All Rights Reserved

THE HAMBURG RULES: DID IT CHANGE THE LIABILITY OF THE
CARRIER?
By
KWEKU GYAN AINUSON

Major Professor: Gabriel Wilner
Second Reader: Daniel Bodansky

Electronic Version Approved:

Maureen Grasso
Dean of the Graduate School
The University of Georgia
May 2006

DEDICATION
This work is dedicated to the almighty God who has been my life long helper, to my parents for providing for all my needs and to Mamle for all her support.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
My sincere gratitude to Professor Wilner for his guidance and encouragement during the Course of my LLM program. I am also grateful to Professor Bodansky who agreed to be my second reader and for all the invaluable suggestions that he offered me.

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TABLE OF CONTENT

Acknowledgment -------------------------------------------------------------------V Chapter 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 A. Introduction-----------------------------------------------------------------------1 B. The Origin of The Hamburg Rules-------------------------------------------- 4 Chapter 2----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13 A. The Carrier------------------------------------------------------------------------13 B. The Obligation of the Carrier---------------------------------------------------24 Chapter 3------------------------------------------------------------------------------27 A. Liability of the Carrier-----------------------------------------------------------27 B. Comparison Between The Hague Rules and The Hamburg Rules---------34 Chapter 4------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 48 A. Issues Against Ratification------------------------------------------------------ 48 Chapter 5-------------------------------------------------------------------------------53 A. The Future of The Hamburg Rules----------------------------------------------53 Conclusion------------------------------------------------------------------------------59...
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