In this paper I will be writing about the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey. It will include the beautiful location, the hardships of the building itself plus more. I will also be trying to identify the purposes from which the Hagia Sophia was created but by looking at it as a piece of art not just as a gigantic church. Then to wrap things up I will go over the architectural design and how artists use the elements and principles to create a piece of work. Istanbul is a remarkable place and actually bridges the continents of Europe and Asia. It is located on the west side of the Bosporus strait, which is responsible for joining the Black sea and the Sea of Marmara. Istanbul, which was once the capital of Turkey is considered to be Turkey's cultural and financial center and still retains its old world attraction and continues to generate its own individual history throughout the ages. This more than magnificent dome has been built and rebuilt multiple times. The original Hagia Sophia was built in the fourth century by Constantine the Great but nothing remains of it. The second church was built by Constantius, Constantine the Great son, and the emperor Theodosius the Great. This was burned down in the Nika riots of 532 but fragment of this church have been found and can be seen today. The next to oversee the reconstruction of this marvelous architectural piece was Emperor Justinian I and it was between (532-537). The two architects that conceived this master piece were Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles. They were both professors of geometry at the University of Constantinople. It is said that their work was a technical triumph. It is one of the greatest surviving examples of Byzantine architecture even though the structure was damaged pretty bad several times due to earthquakes. Hagia Sophia means The Church of the Holy Wisdom in Greek. This was the seat of the Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople for over 900 year. This also was a...
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