Guns, Germs and Steel Chapter 2 Summary

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  • Topic: New Zealand, Polynesia, Chatham Islands
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  • Published : October 1, 2012
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Guns, Germs, and Steel Chapter 2 Summary—Sergio Gonzalez

In Chapter 2 of Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond uses the example of Polynesia to defend his theory whether the environments in different places can predict or determine what is going to happen in a community in the future. Since Polynesia is made up of several islands, it can provide several examples of communities that may differ from each other due to its isolation. That is why some countries are richer/poorer than other and what are the factor that helped us to develop faster/slower. In December 1835, the Moriori civilization came to an end, this because a greater and stronger civilization, the Maori, wanted to conquer their lands. The Maori, had better weapons and were a more war-like civilization unlike the Moriori, which were a peaceful community. The Maori “came from a [big] population of farmers chronically engaged in ferocious wars, equipped with [better] technology and weapons” which was the main reason why they conquered over the Hunter-gatherer Moriori civilization (Guns, Germs, and Steel -Diamond, Jared pg. 54). These statements come to recall the real reason of this essay that is to show how the environments in different places can predict or determine what is going to happen in a continent in the future. In the Chatham Islands, the weather and the resources were a very important factor on its fate. Since the soil made it almost impossible to farm, they had to adapt to other forms of getting food in order to obtain their needs. Also, their isolation formed a big part of how they learned to adapt. They were not too close to any other island and they had no contact with any water-craft. In the other hand, the Maori were a strong and bigger community. They were located on the northern part of New Zealand and they were involved in more war-like problems. Their climate was more crop-friendly so it made it easier for them to plant. Some Polynesian Island were colonized later in human...
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