Grover Cleveland ! Stephen Grover Cleveland was born on March 18, 1837, in Caldwell, New Jersey. Cleveland's father was a minister, originally from Connecticut, and his mother was from Baltimore. He was the ﬁfth of nine children, named Stephen Grover, but he did not use the name “Stephen” in his adult life. ! In 1841, his family moved to Fayetteville, New York where he spent most of his childhood. In 1850 Cleveland's father took a pastorate in Clinton, New York , and the family had to move to accommodate for his job. They moved once more in 1853 to Holland Patent, New York. Soon after the move Clevelandʼs father past away. ! After the death of his father Cleveland dropped out of school to help support his family. A elder in his church offered to pay his college tuition if he promised to be a minister like his father, Cleveland declined, and instead decided to move West. On his way West, Cleveland stopped by his uncles house in Buffalo, New York. While there he was given a clerical job at his uncles law ﬁrm. Cleveland uncle was an important person in New York, and he would introduce him to a lot of inﬂuential men there. Cleveland later took a clerkship with the ﬁrm, and then became a certiﬁed lawyer. Leaving his uncleʼs ﬁrm in 1962 to start his own ﬁrm. He built a reputation for himself as being committed and dedication to hard work. ! Cleveland stayed out of politics until 1970, where he ran for sheriff of Erie County, which he won. After his two year term as sheriff he returned to the ﬁeld of law, opening law ﬁrm with his two friends. There he found himself at the top of Buffalo's legal community. ! In 1881 the democratic party leaders approached Cleveland and asked him if he would like to run for Mayor of Buffalo, he took ofﬁce January 2, 1882. His term as mayor gave him the reputation of being an honest politician, the reputation soon spread beyond Erie County. ! As Clevelandʼs reputation grew, the democratic party began to consider him a possible nominee for governor. When the democratic convention could not decide between their two leading candidates Rosewell P. Flower, and Henry W. Slocum, Cleveland emerged as the
compromise choice, and on January 1st 1883, he took ofﬁce winning the election by a landslide. Cleveland's blunt, honest ways as governor won him popular acclaim. ! In 1884 Cleveland was seen as a leading contender for the presidential nomination. And due to failing health of other contenders he was nominated to be the democratic nominee for the 1884 election. While the popular vote was close, with Cleveland winning by just one-quarter of a percent, the electoral votes gave Cleveland a majority of 219–182. And is sworn in as president of the United States on March 4th, 1885. ! Cleveland's ﬁrst term was uneventful, but was marked by ﬁrmness on his part to the principles which he deemed productive to the nation. He made large use of the veto power upon bills passed by Congress. On June 2, 1886, Cleveland married Frances Folsom, in the Blue Room of the white house. He was the second president to be married in the White House. After his ﬁrst term was up the democratic party renominated Cleveland, but he lost the election, receiving 168 electoral votes, to Benjamin Harrisonʼs 233 votes. Even though Cleveland had lost the electoral votes, he had won the popular vote by more then 100,000 votes. Cleveland retired to private life and resumed the practice of the law in New York. ! In 1892 Cleveland was nominated for president a third time in succession. He won receiving 277 electoral votes to Harrisonʼs 145 (22 were cast for James B. Weaver of Iowa, the candidate of the "People's" party). Cleveland's second term included some important events. The most important was the repeal of the silver legislation, which had been a growing menace for ﬁfteen years. ! Cleveland's second term expired on the 4th of March 1897, and he then retired into private life. He was well respected, and constantly consulted on his knowledge....
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