Green Banking is a component of the global initiative by a group of stakeholders to save environment. Bangladesh is one of the most climate change vulnerable countries. In line with global development and response to the environmental degradation, financial sector in Bangladesh should play an important role as one of the key stakeholders. Bangladesh Bank is well aware of the environmental degradation situation as mentioned and has already given time to time directions to all schedule banks. Commercial banks are now required to ensure necessary measures to protect environmental pollution while financing a new project or providing working capital to the existing enterprises. Normally we can consider the banks as environment friendly with their operational activities but it is important that the environment can be effected greatly by the activities of their customers. The banking sector is one of the major sources of financing industrial projects such as Brick field, Steel, Paper, Cement Chemicals Fertilizer, Power, Textiles etc. which cause maximum carbon emission. Therefore, the banking sector can play intermediary role between economic development and environment protection, for promoting environmentally sustainable and social responsible investment. Green Banking refers to the banking business conducted in such areas and in such a manner that helps the overall reduction of external carbon emission and internal carbon footprint. To aid the reduction of external carbon emission, bank should finance green technology and pollution reducing projects. Internally the banking operations have considerably increased the carbon footprint of banks due to their massive use of energy e.g. lighting, air conditioning, electronic or electrical equipments, IT, high paper wastage, lack of green buildings etc. Therefore, to adopting green banking, bank should adopt technology, process, and products which result in substantial reduction of their carbon footprint as well as develop sustainable business. 2.0 Executive Summary
We are aware that global warming is an issue that calls for a global response. The rapid change in climate will be too great to allow many eco-systems to suitably adapt, since the change have direct impact on biodiversity, agriculture, forestry, dry land, water resources and human health. Due to unusual weather pattern, rising greenhouse gas, declining air quality etc. society demands that business also take responsibility in safeguarding the planet. Green finance as a part of Green Banking makes great contribution to the transition to resource-efficient and low carbon industries i.e. green industry and green economy in general. Green banking is a component of the global initiative by a group of stakeholders to save environment. The state of environment in Bangladesh is rapidly deteriorating. The key areas of environmental degradation cover air pollution, water pollution and scarcity, encroachment of rivers, improper disposal of industrial medical and house-hold waste, deforestation, loss of open space and loss of biodiversity. In addition, Bangladesh is one of the most climate change vulnerable countries. In line with global development and response to the environmental degradation, financial sector in Bangladesh should play important roles as one of the key stake holders. In response to the above, urgent measures are required by stake holders for sustainable development and thereby save the planet. Banks hold a unique position in an economic system that can affect production, business and other economic activities through their financing activities and thus may contribute to pollute environment. Moreover, energy and water efficiency and waste reduction are of high concern for many big banks. Green banks or environmentally responsible banks do not only improve their own standards but also affect socially responsible behavior of other business. In regarding to this fact, this study found out the...
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