The Grapes of Wrath
Part 1: Literary Analysis
1. A. “…‘What’s this call, this sperit?’ An’ I says, ‘It’s love…” (page 23, Chapter 4). This quote is an example of an metaphor. The use of this metaphor was to show the reader why the preacher doesn’t preach anymore. The effect the metaphor had on the reader was, for them to see how the preacher really viewed ‘the sperit’.
B. “One cat’ takes and shoves ten families out. Cat’s all over hell now…” (pg. 8, Chapter 2). This quote is an example of symbolism. The truck driver uses the animal cat to describe the people who tractor out croppers from their crops and homes. The effect of using a cat to describe someone was negative. The cat description made the reader view the person who tractors out croppers as evil, cunning and thoughtless.
C. “...The Bank -or the Company-needs-wants-insists-must have -as though the Bank or the Company were a monster, with thought and feeling which had ensnared them.” (pg. 31, Chapter 5). This quote is an example of an epic simile. The use of his simile is to show the reader that the Bank or Company that takes the land acts as a monster, being mean and cold.
D. “Can you live without the willow tree? Well, no, you can’t. The willow tree is you. The pain of that mattress there - that dreadful pain - that’s you.” (pg. 89, Chapter 9). This quote is an example of a metaphor. The use of this metaphor is to relate all of the families belongings to them, that the belongings are indeed part of them. The effect of this metaphor is to show the reader how much the families belongings actually meant to them.
E. “Damn it,’ he said, ‘a pick is a nice tool (umph), if you don’ fight it (umph). You an’ the pick (umph) workin’ together (umph)’ (pg. 298, Chapter 22). This quote is an example of Epizeuxis. The use and effect of this epizeuxis is to show emphasis on how heavy the pick was and how hard it was to work back then. The epizeuxis helps the reader image Tom working in the hot sun with the heavy pick, working for just twenty-five cents an hour.
2.A. “You know the land is poor. You’ve scrabbled at it long enough, God knows. The squatting tenant men nodded and wondered and drew figures in the dust, and yes, they knew, God knows… The owner men went on leading to their point: You know the land’s getting poorer… If they could only rotate the crops they might pump blood back into the land. Well, it’s too late… A man can hold land if he can just eat and pay taxes; he can do that. Yes, he can do that until his crops fail one day and he has to borrow money from the bank… a bank or a company can’t do that, because those creatures don’t breathe air, don’t eat side-meat. They breather profits; they eat the interest on money… Can’t we just hang on? Maybe the next year will be a good year. God knows how much cotton next year… Next year, maybe… We can’t depend on it. The bank-the monster has to have profits all the time. It can’t wait. It’’ die. No, taxes go on… The tenant system won;t work anymore… You’ll have to get off the land. The plow’ll go through the dooryard” (pg. 33, Chapter 5). The significance of this passage is that it shows how the Banks would take the land from the croppers and how the croppers were crushed. This passage relates to the work as a whole because it shows the reader how the migration to the west started, how hundreds of families would get evicted from their land and forced to move elsewhere.
B. “ ‘Who’s in here?’ Ma asked. ‘What is it you want, mister?’ ‘What you think I want? I want to know who’s in here.’ ‘Why, they’s jus’ us three in here. Ma an’ Granma an’ my girl.’ ‘Where’s your men?’ ‘Why they went down to clean up. We was drivin’ all night.’ ‘Where’d you come from?’ ‘Right near Sallisaw, Oklahoma.’ ‘Well, you can’t stay here.’ ‘We aim to get out tonight an’ cross the desert, mister.’ ‘Well you better. If you’re here tomorra this time I’ll run you in. We don’t want none of you settlin’ down...