Golden Quadrilateral Road Project

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  • Topic: Golden Quadrilateral, National Highway 8, National Highway 4
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  • Published : March 4, 2013
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Golden Quadrilateral
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Golden Quadrilateral|

Highway map of India with the Golden Quadrilateral highlighted in solid blue colour| Route information|
Maintained by NHAI|
Length:| 5,846 km (3,633 mi)|
Delhi – Kolkata|
Length:| 1,453 km (903 mi)|
Major
junctions:| NH 2|
Delhi – Mumbai|
Length:| 1,419 km (882 mi)|
Major
junctions:| NH 8, NH 79A, NH 79, NH 76|
Mumbai – Chennai|
Length:| 1,290 km (800 mi)|
Major
junctions:| NH 4, NH 7, NH 46|
Kolkata – Chennai|
Length:| 1,684 km (1,046 mi)|
Major
junctions:| NH 6, NH 60, NH 5|
Highway system|
* Indian Road Network * National  * Expressways  * State|

A section of the Golden Quadrilateral highway from Chennai – Mumbai phase

NH46: Bengaluru-Chennai section of India's 4-lane Golden Quadrilateral highway

NH5 - another section of India's GQ highway

NH6: Chennai-Kolkata section of the GQ highway

Kolkata-Delhi section of India's GQ highway

NH76: Delhi-Mumbai section of India's GQ highway
The Golden Quadrilateral is a highway network connecting India's four largest metropolises: Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai, thus forming a quadrilateral of sorts. Four other cities among the top ten metropolises: Bangalore, Pune, Ahmedabad, and Surat, are also served by the network, which connects many of the major industrial, agricultural and cultural centres of India. The largest highway project in India and the fifth longest in the world[citation needed], it is the first phase of the National Highways Development Project (NHDP), and consists of building 5,846 km (3,633 mi) four/six lane express highways at a cost of 60,000 crore (US$10.92 billion).[1]The four-lane system was constructed between 1999 and 2012, and is currently being expanded to six lanes throughout. The vast majority of the Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) is not access controlled, although safety features such as guardrails, shoulders, and high-visibility signs are in use. The GQ project is managed by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) under the Ministry of Road, Transport and Highways. TheMumbai-Pune Expressway, the first controlled-access toll road to be built in India is a part of the GQ Project though not funded by NHAI, and separate from the main highway. Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services (IL&FS) has been one of the major contributors to the infrastructural development activity in the GQ project. Contents  [hide]  * 1 History and costs * 2 Economic benefits * 3 Route * 4 Important cities connected by Golden Quadrilateral highway * 5 Current status * 6 The length of Golden Quadrilateral in each State * 7 Corruption allegations * 8 Accidents * 9 Records * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]History and costs
Then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee laid the foundation stone for the project on January 6, 1999.[2] In January 2012, India announced the four lane GQ highway network as complete.[3][4] India's government had initially estimated that the Golden Quadrilateral project would cost 60,000 crore (US$10.92 billion) at 1999 prices. However, the highway has been built under-budget. As of August 2011, cost incurred by Indian government was about half of initial estimate, at 30,858 crore (US$5.62 billion). The eight contracts in progress, as of August 2011, were worth 1,634 crore (US$297.39 million).[5] In September 2009, it was announced that the existing four-laned highways would be converted into six-lane highways.[6] The expansion project was reported at various stages to be behind schedule, mainly due to land acquisition constraints and disputes with contractors which had to be re-negotiated.[7][8] Sections of NH 2, NH 5 and NH 8 have now been prioritized for further widening to six lanes under DBFO (Design, Build,...
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