Jesus through the Eyes of the Prophets
Grand Canyon University: Bib 351 Moses and the Prophets
July 10, 2012
Jesus through the Eyes of the Prophets
God’s promise to King David that he would establish his house and throne forever was the basis of the hope that the Old Testament Prophets look to for the restoration of Israel. The Messianic prophesies that flowed from the mouths of the prophets aligned themselves perfectly with these original promises to David and also shaped the view the prophets had of the Messiah. In the eyes of the prophets the Messiah would be a descendant of David born in Bethlehem of a virgin. He will work miracles like making the blind to see and the deaf to hear even cause the lame not only to walk but leap. This Messiah would have the weight of the governments upon his shoulders and he will set up a kingdom that would never end. All these views would find their culmination in the person of Jesus the Christ
The Messianic promise in 2 Sam.7:11-16 actually contains three promises that could be said forms the basis of all the messianic prophesies in the Old Testament (Mariottini, 2001). These three promises were 1) that the throne of David will be established forever. 2) That David’s son would build God a house for his name. 3) That David’s son would be God’s son (Mariottini, 2001). These three promises made to David are echoed throughout the writings of the Old Testament prophets. Isaiah prophesied in chapter seven of a child being born a boy child who will have the weight of the government on his shoulders. In chapter eleven Isaiah also spoke of the Messiah being a shoot springing forth from the stump of Jesse who was David’s father, a clear reference to the Messiah being a descendant of David. The prophet Jeremiah prophesied that following the captivity Israel would once again serve the Lord their God and David their king who the Lord would once again raise up for them. Ezekiel prophesied in chapter 34 of the book that bears his name that the Lord would set David as Sheppard over his people since King David was long dead this prophesy had to point to a future king that would come from David’s house (Mariottini, 2001). These and other prophesies forever linked the house of David to this coming Messiah.
The application of the term Messiah to an anointed king is viewed with strength and was used prophetically to describe the coming of the Davidic ruler. Both the books of Second Samuel and Psalms call David the anointed one and go on to say that David’s descendants will rule forever. It is readily clear that the prophets viewed the post-exilic reestablishing of the Davidic Dynasty as not only a national restoring but as the precursor to the Messianic arrival that brings with it the spiritual restoration Israel so badly needed (Price, 2012). The prophetic expectation of the emergence of the Messiah brought with it hope to a nation that had been stripped of all they had and all they new accept the God that had brought them so far.
The prophets’ hope for the Messiah was not a new concept in their time because the coming of a second David as he was called was a readily accepted expectation long before the exile. David himself is recording as saying in 2 Samuel 23:5 “is it not my family the Lord has chosen? Yes, he has made an everlasting covenant with me. His agreement is arranged and guaranteed in every detail. He will ensure my safety and success (NLT).” Samuel not only prophesied that the Messiah would be a descendant of David but would also be the son of God and would come not only for Israel but to all people. The Psalms, written years before the writings of the prophets contain a myriad of references to the coming King or Messiah, one the most notable being Psalms 22 written by King David himself. The 22 chapter of Psalms contains eleven different things about the Messiah that when analyzed unmistakably identifies the messiah as Jesus...