The Difference Between Foundational and Church Age Apostles in Their Mission

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Running head: THE HEART OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

The Difference between Foundational and Church Age Apostles in their Mission

Cindy Church Bolduc

ID #102347

Freedom Bible College and Seminary

BSC-1023 New Testament Survey Final Exam

9/25/2010

The Difference between Foundational and Church Age Apostles in their Mission

The Sadducees, Pharisees and the Scribes were deeply concerned about Jesus. They knew at once that he was “utterly different and could not be silenced” (Hester, 1963, p. 155).

“Most official religious leaders of the Jews… were blinded by sin and could not discern light. Centuries of distorted teaching had prejudiced their thinking that they could not recognize the true Messiah.” (Hester, 1963, p. 155). They expected a Messiah with riches, and not this common humble man. They did not like his choice of disciples who were also “humble, working men – fishermen, farmers, and even a publican who was hated. He did not practice or teach his followers to practice many established observances so dear to the Pharisees – such as fasts, washing hands before meals, and so on” (Hester, 1963, p. 154).

According to Acts 1: 21, there seems to have been three qualifications to be one of The Twelve:
1. To have been with Jesus during his whole time of ministry. 2. To have been baptized by John.
3. A witness of the resurrection.
They were chosen only after Jesus spent the entire night in prayer. Lk. 6:12, 13.

One of those days Jesus went out to a mountainside to pray, and spent the night praying to God. When morning came, he called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them, whom he also designated Apostles. Simon (whom he also named Peter), his brother Andrew, James, John, Philip. Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Simon who was call the Zealot, Judas son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor (Luke 6:12-16, NIV Bible, 2005).

The Twelve Disciples
Peter: Of the 12, He is the most prominent. We are aware of more about Peter than the other 12 disciples. His Aramaic name was Simeon, the gentile form, or Cephas meaning Rock.”Peter was brought to Christ by his brother, Andrew, who also became one of the 12” (Crouse, 2010). Andrew: He is Peter's brother, and by trade a fisherman from Galilee. From Mark (2:29), we learn that he lived with Peter. (Crouse, 2010).

James: He may be the older brother of John. In three of the lists he is mentioned first. He was the son of Zebedee. He was by trade a fisherman from Galilee, and from an apparently prosperous family since they had servants (Mark. 1:19, 20, NIV Bible, 2005). When he had gone a little farther, he saw James son of Zebedee and his brother John in a boat, preparing their nets. Without delay he called them, and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired men and followed him (Mark 1:19-20, NIV Bible, 2005).

John: He was the Son of Thunder who became known as the Apostle of love. Jesus entrusted the care of his mother to this disciple. (Crouse, 2010). When Jesus saw his mother there and the disciple who he loved standing nearby he said to his mother, ‘Dear woman, here is your son,’ and to the disciple, ‘here is your mother.’ From that time on the disciple took her into his home (John 19:26-27, NIV Bible, 2005).

He was the first disciple to visit the tomb on Easter morning. According to Eusebius, John was of the priestly family. This could possibly identify John with the unknown disciple accompanying Peter during the trials who knew the high priest (Crouse, 2010). “Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because this disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard” (John. 18:15. NIV Bible, 2005).

“When Jesus saw his mother there and the disciple who he loved standing nearby he said to his mother, ‘Dear woman, here is your son,’ and to the...
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