Global Warming

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Global warming and climate change threatens the very existence of mankind; understanding the affects of each and implementing measures to save this planet are of dire urgency. Global warming has become a threat to everything and everyone on Earth. Global warming is caused by many natural and manmade processes that continue to affect our environment. The release of carbon dioxide and methane gases are the two main contributors to climate change. With the warming of the environment almost inevitable now, methane gases are sure to become an even bigger contributor as the planet warms and the ice melts at the poles. It is going to take a global effort, like none ever seen before, to slow down and bring global warming to a much more manageable condition. People must commence to doing their part in reducing their carbon footprint, such as buying more fuel efficient cars, cutting back travel, recycling, reducing energy needs, and making their homes greener. Governments must act with the utmost importance to implement to regulate the energy uses from their countries more strictly and provide great financial assistance in converting to a greener shape. Global warming is the gradual rise of the earth’s surface temperature, caused by the release of greenhouse gases that become trapped in the earth’s atmosphere. These trapped gases are responsible for the changes in the global climate patterns. Greenhouse gases are considered any gas that is absorbed into the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor while preventing the sun’s solar rays from escaping back out into space. There is a natural process called the greenhouse effect that is required to keep our planet sustainable, without this process Earth would be uninhabitable. The greenhouse effect is the process of solar radiation passing through the earth’s atmosphere and some being reflected back into space. With global warming and the burning of fossil fuels this is putting more carbon dioxide and methane gases into the atmosphere and is preventing the normal reflection of the sun’s rays from being reflected back into space because these gases trap the suns heat within. This trapping, coupled with global temperature rise are causing the extreme climate changes that are remapping our planet. Climate change can be defined as significant change in the global climates over relatively short periods of time. Other than the natural release of carbon dioxide, there is a significant increase in carbon dioxide and methane being released caused by the actions of man. (EcoBridge, n.d.). There are many causes as to why man has accelerated the natural carbon dioxide process and one that cannot be easily reversed without extreme measures being implemented with our current way of life. Carbon dioxide emissions stem from the burning of fossil fuels for electricity. Also, Carbon dioxide emissions produced by the use of cars and trucks account for about approximately one third of carbon dioxide emissions in the U.S. alone. (EcoBridge, n.d.). The burning of fossil fuels such as coal are the greatest contributors of carbon dioxide emissions among energy producing processes. Coal facilities release tons of carbon into the atmosphere every day. Cars/trucks vary in the amount of carbon dioxide they release from one car to the next. Vehicles with higher MPG ratings omit less carbon dioxide into the atmosphere compared with cars that have lower MPG ratings. Airplanes are also a contributor to global warming but have much lower emissions compared to coal burning plants for electricity and the millions of cars on the roads every day. Permafrost and frozen tundra hold enormous amounts of carbon dioxide within these frozen fields. As these fields thaw, so goes the release of the carbon dioxide that is stored beneath their frozen state. Also trapped between these frozen fields is another global warming contributor called methane. Methane generally can stay in our atmosphere for 10 years,...
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