Running head: AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
Liberty University’s Distance Learning
Affirmative action is a law that was passed in the early 1960’s and which has been exercised throughout the world for decades upon decades. This law has been recognized to “attempt to get rid of discrimination against minorities, and women in America” Affirmative action also known as A.A. began as a plan to equalize the educational, employment, and contracting opportunities for minorities, and women with opportunities given to their white, male counterparts.” (U.S. history.com) A.A. is also considered the set of public policies and initiatives designed to help eliminate past and present discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin” (now-org)
Affirmative Action is a very controversial issue, which may mean many different things to other individuals. In this research assignment the topic of Affirmative action will be discussed in the standpoint that the readers can attain an enhanced understanding and knowledge of this multicultural diversity issue. According to now.org “The actual phrase "affirmative action" was first used in President John F. Kennedy's 1961 Executive Order 10925 which requires federal contractors to "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin." (now-org)
The law that passed that gave African American and other minorities the opportunities they were not allowed to have, but was just given to White Americans. This law was passed in 1964 and is called the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This law was the launch to A.A. in the Unites States, because it provided educational intuitions with the necessary funding to begin to set aside places for minorities. Due to this law being passed now over 40 years ago, it has been put into action at various employment organizations, schools, and universities. Generally on applications there is written somewhere on the packet the disclaimer that the employer is an EOE “Equal Opportunity Employer”
Affirmative action is defined, according to Merriam-Webster as “an active effort to improve the employment or educational opportunities of members of minority groups and women.” Women and minorities have come a long way, since the early 1900’s; today they are presented with more opportunities then ever known before.
It is presently common to see women and minorities in distinguished employment positions, such as high ranking officers in the Military, CEO’s, Warden’s, Police Sheriff’s just to name a few. There was a time over 4 decades ago when those types of positions were for whites men or whites only.
“Major American businesses have made clear that the skills needed in today’s increasingly global marketplace can only be developed through exposure to widely diverse people, cultures, ideas, and viewpoints. High-ranking retired officers and civilian military leaders assert that a highly qualified, racially diverse officer corps is essential to national security.”(Grutter v. Bollinger, 539 U.S. 306)
President John F Kennedy desired both women, and minorities to have the same opportunities as the non-minorities. So as a result, he issued the Executive Order 10925 on March 6, 1961, which was not put into effect until President Johnson’s term in office, the order created the Committee on Equal Employment opportunity and mandates that projects financed with federal funds "take affirmative action" to ensure that hiring and employment practices are free of racial bias” (U.S. History.com)
"This is the next and more profound stage of the battle for civil rights," Johnson asserted. "We seek… not just equality as a right and a theory, but equality as a fact and as a result." (info-please)...
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