SECTION A: Short Questions
1. Is Affirmative Action policy morally defensible? Explain South Africa has been characterised by many years of workplce inequalities and imbalances of the past particularly blacks who were treated in an inhumane manner and denigration In 1994 democratic government came into power and had a moral duty to eliminate all forms of discrimination and thereafter level the playing field at the workplace, hence the affirmative action policy was introduced and legislated. Since blacks were marginalised certain jobs and skills were reserved for white minority in some sectors of the economy thereby robbing our economy of its potential and productivity. The harsh realities of the past regime created dvisions between white communities and promulgation of this policy assisted in closing the gap and normalise the conditions at the workplace. Therefore the policy allowed companies and government to utilise all the people to the maximium potential and created improved relations and communication between labour and Management. Affirmative Action is a policy which attempts to Address long standing opportunities , inequalities which our society by setting different standards for those groupswho have been denied opportunities, it is hoped that a greater percentage of people witihn those groups will be able to reverse th status quo and take advantage of the opportunity within society, on the basis affirmative action is morally defensible 2. In your opinion,which country has successfully implemented the policy of affirmative action and why did it succeed? No country has successfully implemented, in the nations employment equity act has so Far had little impact on the black majority, 90% of the country’s population, the...